Are you looking for a rental property in the state of Alabama? Do you want to know what is included in the Alabama rental lease agreement? If yes, you have landed the right page.
For renters and property owners, it is vitally important to know what the Alabama residential lease agreement includes. Scroll down to know what is Alabama lease agreement and what are the landlord and tenant laws in Alabama to lease a residential property.
What Is Alabama Lease Agreement?
The Alabama lease agreement is used as a legal contract that is binding between tenant and landlord. This legal contract ensures that the tenant will timely pay monthly rent in exchange for access to rental property.
Rental agreement Alabama outlines legal terms and conditions regarding the use of the rental property. Both landlords and tenants can use this agreement as legal justification in case any rental-related issue occurs.
Usually, the Alabama lease contract is a 1-year (12-month) fixed lease between both parties. This type of agreement guarantees the rental property to a tenant for the entire one year period as long as rent is paid on time.
Prior to signing the lease agreement, the landlord must check the background information and credit history of the tenant via rental application Alabama. It is essential to ensure whether potential tenants have a vested interest in rental property.
Besides, Alabama rental lease agreement may require a security deposit (additional fee) that is either payable before or on the move-in date.
Alabama Landlord and Tenant Laws
In Alabama, when leasing property to a tenant, both property owners and tenants must know about laws. Below mentioned are the key landlord and tenant laws that must be followed.
- Alabama Landlord Disclosures: The landlord needs to disclose information to tenants in Alabama rental agreement. The landlord also must disclose the name and address of a person who can manage the rental premise on behalf of the landlord.
- Limit and Return of Security Deposit: In Alabama, federal law limits how much a landlord should charge the tenant for a security deposit. Precisely, it should not exceed more than one month’s rent. State also limits when security deposit must be returned (i.e. within 35 days after the tenant leaves rental premise).
- Small Claims Lawsuits: Alabama tenants are allowed to sue their landlord in small claims court such as returning security deposits of $3,000.
- Prior Notice when Raising Rent: Alabama State also regulates various rent-related issues such as the amount of notice (i.e. 30-days) that a landlord must give to the tenant when raising the rent. Moreover, tenants should be given 7-days to pay rent or leave rental premises before the landlord files for eviction.
- Right to Withhold Rent: Unlike other US states, tenants cannot withhold rent or exercise ‘repair and deduct right’ in case the landlord fails to manage important repairs.
- Landlord’s Access to Rental Property: In Alabama, the landlord must give 2-days prior notice before entering a tenant’s rental premises.
Alabama Lease Disclosures & Addendums
In Alabama residential lease agreement, the following disclosures and addendums are required.
Landlord’s Name & Address
This disclosure is applicable to all rental units in Alabama. The landlord must disclose their information to the tenant in lease agreement Alabama. This information allows tenants to send future demands and legal notices properly.
If there is another authorized person who may act on behalf of the landlord, his name and address must be disclosed.
Lead-Based Paint Disclosure
As per federal law in Alabama, any building that was built before 1978 must disclose the risks that can be posed by lead-based paint. Under this law, the landlord must fill in a lead-based disclosure form and attach it to the Alabama lease agreement.
Moreover, the landlord should also provide a pamphlet approved by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) pamphlet outlining risks of lead-based paint. The landlord may also provide additional reports about the risks of any known lead-based paint in the rental unit.
Optional Disclosures & Addendums
There are some disclosures and addendums in Alabama rental agreements that are optional and not required by Alabama laws. These optional disclosures can help a landlord in avoiding future liabilities and conflicts with tenants.
- Medical Marijuana Use: Landlords are recommended to disclose information to tenants about the use of medical marijuana. For instance, where marijuana use is allowed and where its use is prohibited in the rental unit.
- Move-in Checklist: Landlords should provide tenants with an itemized list of property damages before they move-in to the rental unit. This checklist should be attached to the Alabama lease agreement or signed as a separate form.
- Late and Returned Check Fees: Landlords are recommended to disclose about late fees and bounced checks that can be charged. Late fees should not exceed over 10% of the monthly rent. Tenants should be charged late fees only after the due date for rent as agreed in the agreement.
- Shared Utilities Arrangements: This disclosure is applicable for rental units that have shared utilities. Landlords should disclose the procedures of how the utility will be shared and how the bill will be calculated between each party.
- Bed Bug Disclosure: If there is any history of infestation on the rental unit, the landlord should disclose in Alabama lease agreement. The landlord should also establish an understanding of current bed bug status on the property to handle the future infestation.
- Asbestos Disclosure: Buildings that were built prior to 1981 are considered at high risk for asbestos. The landlord should establish an understanding of prior knowledge of the presence of asbestos in the rental unit.
- Mold Disclosure: The landlord should also disclose the current status of mold on rental property in the lease agreement. This disclosure will help the landlord to avoid future liabilities resulting from mold damages.
All in all, landlords and tenants must follow the terms and conditions as stated in the Alabama lease agreement. This legal contract complies with the Alabama laws relating to the use of the rental property. It can help both parties to avoid future conflicts related to the rental property and future liabilities.
Now you know key points in Alabama lease agreement, if you have decided to lease a property, you can download great templates for Alabama rental lease agreement from our website CocoSign. Apart from this, you can also find many other templates for different legal agreements.
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