What Are the Labor Laws in Virginia?
Labor laws in VA are rules that apply to every section of the employment connection, from employment to dismissal. There are generally five main types of labor laws in Virginia, which are Legal Holidays, Right To Work, Wage and Hour, Civil Rights, and Whistleblower Laws.
Legal holidays in the state of Virginia, such as Presidents' Day, Lee Jackson Day, and Thanksgiving, are those on which employees are granted a paid day off or are eligible for special holiday pay. The basics of "right-to-work" laws in Virginia, essentially limit the ability of employers to give preference to either union or non-union workers when hiring employees.
Virginia Wage and Hour Laws, basically cover the state minimum wage, rules for calculating overtime pay, meal and rest break requirements, and related matters. Virginia Civil Rights Laws protect the civil rights of its residents, making it illegal for an employer to discriminate based on race, color, age, sex, sexual orientation, gender, religion, national origin, etc.
Finally, Whistleblower Laws in the state of Virginia protect workers who claim unsafe or illegal conditions at the workplace from retaliation, such as being fired for speaking up.
How Many Hours Can You Legally Work in a Day in Virginia?
No laws are governing how many hours or days per week Virginia employees over the age of 16 are allowed to work. There are no federal guidelines, either. However, under the Virginia Wage Payment Act (VWPA), hourly employees must be paid at least once every two weeks.
Also, any employee who is discharged must be paid “on or before the date on which he would have been paid for such work had his employment not been terminated.” In other words, a discharged employee should be paid for all hours worked by the next regularly scheduled pay period following the termination.
Additionally, Virginia labor laws require employers to provide a lunch period of at least thirty (30) minutes to employees ages fourteen (14) and fifteen (15) when scheduled to work for more than five (5) hours continuously. However, Virginia does not require employers to provide breaks, including lunch breaks, for workers above the age of sixteen (16) years.
How Do I Apply for Unemployment Benefits in Virginia?
The Virginia Employment Commission (VEC) handles unemployment compensation and decides whether claimants are eligible for benefits. However, for you to qualify, you must be unemployed through no fault of your own, as defined by Virginia law.
You must also have earned at least a minimum amount in wages before you were unemployed. Plus, you must be able and available to work, and you must be actively seeking employment. If you are eligible to receive unemployment, your weekly benefit in Virginia will be based on what you earned during the two-quarters of the base period in which you were paid the most.
Furthermore, when filling out the claims forms, you will need your social security number, the accurate employer names, addresses, telephone numbers, the dates of employment within the last 18 months, the name and the local number of your local union hall, if you obtain work through a union.
Additionally, you will need your alien registration number if you are not a US citizen. Plus, if you have any non-Virginia employers you must have an accurate mailing address, phone number, and dates of employment for them.
If you do not have all this information available, please gather it before you begin to file your claim. You may then file your claim for unemployment benefits electronically through the website of the Virginia Employment Commission.