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To Complete Colorado Water Well Permit Application Form, Follow the Steps Below:

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How to employ The Colorado Water Well Permit Application Form?

hello my name's Angie Valdes I'm with.the Carlisle Film Institute I'd like to.welcome today's actually the 75th.anniversary of Pearl Harbor if you.weren't aware that in addition to that.I'm pleased to introduce our speaker.tonight seems to predict Coghlan and.he's the district engineer for the.Colorado Division of Water Resources for.an area that that encompasses the Stan.Luis Valley and the surrounding.mountains and the division has been.making an effort to to make water use in.the value more sustainable and a big.part of that or the groundwater role.that the state is going to be.implementing in a year or two and Craig.will tell us about that thanks Andrew I.hope this goes better than 75 years ago.so see it's a pleasure to be here.tonight and I appreciate the opportunity.to talk to you about the upcoming.groundwater rules I'm just going to kind.of go over what they are and and try to.answer a few of the questions you might.have and then we'll definitely have some.time for questions after the.presentation - okay so the rules we we.typically just say that they're the.groundwater rules but the the official.name for them is the rules governing the.withdrawal of groundwater in Water.Division number three which is the Rio.Grande basin and establishing criteria.for the beginning and end of the.irrigation season in Water Division.number three for all irrigation water.rights so kind of a mouthful there when.we when we do talk about the the.groundwater use rules we usually just.talk about that that first part but the.second part of that is the irrigation.season and that's that's also part of.the rules and I'll talk I'll just real.briefly about the irrigation season but.most of this presentation will be on the.the other part of it the the groundwater.use rules.so the groundwater rules when we talked.about groundwater rules lots of.questions come up first and foremost.what are they what are the groundwater.use rules and then the next question is.which wells will be affected will my.will my wells be affected and then once.we get into it the question is well why.are we doing groundwater rules now and.and then the question is why didn't we.do them a long time ago so I'm gonna.talk about those two kind of two things.first and then we'll get into actually.the the use rules what they are how they.work which wells will be affected maybe.okay so why now why are we doing.groundwater use rules now well we do.know that wells are impacting the senior.surface water rights and for those of.you that don't know much about the.priority system senior water rights get.they're supposed to get their water.first if there's a shortage then the.junior water rights are shut off but.senior water rights are always first.kind of first in time first and right.and then the junior water rights came.after that.so in Colorado and especially here in.the San Luis Valley the senior water.rights are the ditch water rights they.were put in most often in the 1800s and.so so they're very senior the wells were.put in after that most of the wells.we've got the big irrigation wells.anyway were put in in the from the 1940s.50s to the 1970s and so they're they're.significantly in junior to the senior.water rights so we do have a situation.here in the valley where the junior.water rights the wells are impacting.negatively impacting the senior surface.water rights which is is goes against.the priority system the prior.appropriation doctrine and that's what.we're trying to change.chair so currently we don't have any.viable way to enforce replacing.depletions the the wells have to replace.those depletions and and stop that.injury from occurring to the senior.water rights but currently without.groundwater use rules we don't have any.way to do that so that's that's one of.the main things the the main thing I.think about why we're doing groundwater.use rules right now and then the other.reason is that the valleys aquifers have.been decreasing the aquifer levels and.the pressures have been dropping over.the last say 15 years at least and so.that's another reason that we need to.bring the aquifers into a sustainable.condition and we need to ensure that we.don't drop those aquifer levels anymore.and that will actually help the not only.the rivers and the ditches but also the.the valleys wells too so then the.question is why didn't we do this a long.time ago we've known for approximately.40 years that groundwater use has been.affecting senior surface water rights.and so what happened 40 years ago why.didn't we do it back then well in 1969.there was a legislation passed and it.was called the water rights.determination and Administration Act and.this was the first time in the state's.history that the state engineer's office.which which my office is a part of the.state engineer's office it was first.time the State Engineer actually had the.ability and the authority to administer.wells here in this in the state of.Colorado and it by administer I mean.actually had the authority to go ahead.and shut them off if they were injuring.another ditch water right before that we.had we issued well permits and we could.we could shut people down if they were.diverting too much water but we couldn't.shut them down because they were in.injuring anybody but in 1969 that that.authority was given to the stadium.so in the early 1970s the State Engineer.did start developing groundwater rules.throughout the the state he started on.the Front Range in the South Platte and.the Arkansas basins and he developed.rules and in both of those basins and in.in the meantime while he was doing that.there was in 1972 he made a moratorium.on any new large capacity Wells here in.most of the of the San Luis Valley so we.did realize in 1972 we had enough wells.and we needed to stop that the number of.wells going in here in the San Luis.Valley and so in 1972 we did stop that.put that moratorium on and in actually.in 1975 there was the first attempt at.groundwater rules here in Division three.so and this is something that a lot of.people don't realize is that 40 years.ago 41 years ago we actually had an.attempt at groundwater use rules here in.the in the San Luis Valley.now those groundwater use rules.basically said that if you have a well.that falls under these rules you need to.come up with a plan of augmentation or.shut your wells down now a plan of.augmentation is a way to replace the.depletions from your wells and in the in.a kind of a general sense kind of a good.way to describe an augmentation plan is.that if a well owner has has as well its.injuring somebody but he also has a.ditch water right he can take that ditch.water right dry up some land take the.water from that ditch put it into a.recharge pit recharge the groundwater.and then that will offset what he's.pumping so the basically it kind of just.trades the water from groundwater to.surface water it's kind of kind of how.that augmentation plan works there's.some different very.variations on augmentation plans but.that's kind of a general way that most.people do augmentation plans so in 1975.the State Engineer said okay if you've.got a well you need to do an.augmentation plan he gave people six.years in which to get an augmentation.plan but he said in the first year you.can pump six days a week the second year.you can pump five days a week.the third year you can pump four days a.week and buy-in by the end of that time.period you're gonna be off unless you.have an augmentation plan well some.people didn't like that and there was.there was lots of opposition to that and.in fact there was a a 12-week trial in.the mid-1970s on this and that this the.ground water use rules were actually.wrapped up in some other things to that.but that that trial was a very long.lengthy trial and then it took two trips.to the Colorado Supreme Court over and.over about a ten year time period and by.by the end of it the last trip to the.Colorado Supreme Court the Supreme Court.basically said to the State Engineer why.don't you look at something else maybe.maybe you can do something else that.doesn't cause a lot of the wells in the.San Luis Valley to be shut down.so the State Engineer and the surface.water users who were the ones that were.being injured by the wells came up with.with an idea about that time the the.closed basin project was coming online.in 1985 and they said why don't we take.the closed basin production and we'll.put that in the river use that to offset.the well depletions and so the the.surface water users on both the Rio.Grande and the canal systems thought.that that was a good idea they made that.agreement and basically at that time.kind of put aside the groundwater use.rules for at least a while so they in.1985 they came up with the 6040.agreement it was.called the 6040 agreement because 60% of.the closed basement production goes to.the rio grande top set rio grande.depletions 40% goes to the canals to.offset chaos depletions and so that that.agreement is still in place.we are still abiding by that but.unfortunately the closed basin project.has not lived up to its original billing.as far as the amount of water that it.can produce actually not even anywhere.close to the amount of water that they.originally thought it was going to.produce so so there is a problem right.now and we've we've known about that.problem for for quite a while now that.it's the closed basin project is.probably not replacing all the.depletions from the wells so so in 1998.there were some legislation passed and.in 1998 was the 98 House bill 98 10 11.and this legislation directed the State.Engineer to develop confined aquifer new.use rules and this was in in direct.relation to some of the ideas about.pumping confined aquifer water out of.the San Luis Valley a lot of you might.remember a wdi and so a wd I was just.before this time and then Stockman's.Water Company was was around this time.and so there were big companies that.were coming in and that they wanted to.drill new confined aquifer wells and.pump as a significant amount of confined.aquifer water out of the valley and so.this legislation said State Engineer.developed rules find out what the impact.to the confined aquifer would be and how.we develop rules to to offset any injury.of those.additional depletions so as a catalyst.because of that legislation the RG DSS.or Rio Grande decision support system.model came about the confined aquifer.and the unconfined aquifer and the whole.hydrologic system here in the San Luis.Valley is is very complex as as most.everybody knows and we didn't really.have a good handle on on how it worked.what happens if you pump a whole whole.bunch of water out of the confined.aquifer what happens to the unconfined.aquifer what happens to the to the.rivers around here so RG DSS the the.model was started and this is a.multi-million dollar model that we're.still improving every year but it was.started back in nineteen ninety eight to.try to get a good handle on the confined.aquifer initially so they can find dock.for new use rules were promulgated in.2004 after the RG DSS was up and running.they've done a lot of studies on this.and the new years rules basically said.that they kind of said no more new wells.out of the confined aquifer that's.that's pretty much the bottom line on.that one I mean actually says you have.to replace a hundred percent of the.water that you take out so why would why.would you drill a well when you had to.replace a hundred percent of the water.so so they pretty much stopped any new.use out of the confined aquifer at that.time in 2004 also there was additional.legislation and this was Senate bill oh.four to twenty two and this is kind of.the the catalyst for the groundwater use.rules that were that we're talking about.right now.and yet outlined principles to guide the.State Engineer and the development of.those groundwater use rules.it said State Engineer go forward and.develop groundwater use rules so that's.that's kind of the start.where we where we were ending up right.now that was 12 years ago so why did it.take so long well in 2006 we put the.well measurement rules in effect and the.the State Engineer wanted to do these.kind of stepwise so he did the confine I.can find out for new usuals and then we.figured out we don't know exactly how.much people are pumping from the from.the aquifers even so we have to get a.good handle on that to see how to.administer the groundwater here in the.in the San Luis Valley so 2006 we came.out with the well measurement rules that.says any basically any large capacity.well here in the San Luis Valley has to.have a meter on it you have to record.the the meter numbers on that every year.and you have to have it tested by a.certified well tester every four years.and so we've been doing that since 2008.I think was the first year that it it.said that you must comply with the well.measurement rules so so we're that was.that was in there and then in it in 2008.we we finally started working on the.groundwater use rules the stadia near is.Dick Wolf he was a state engineer at.that time also and he knew what a hard.time the the first state engineer the.original state engineer in 1975 had in.developing trying to develop the.groundwater use rules down here in 1975.you know the opposition that he got so.so Dick Wolf wanted to get a lot of.buy-in from the water users down here in.the San Luis Valley so he established a.56 member advisory committee for the.groundwater use rules to advise him on.what people thought the use rules should.should look like and so we started that.Advisory Committee in 2008 late 2008 and.the.and developing the rules and only seven.years later we've got the groundwater.use rules promulgated so they were they.were promulgated signed by the State.Engineer last fall in September of 2015.but we're not done yet there's still.some some more hurdles that we have to.go through said I'll get get into that.here in just a minute so the objectives.of the rules like I said before we know.that groundwater users are affecting.surface water stream flows and and.ditches so we have to take care of that.and we know that the aquifers are not in.a sustainable condition so we need to.take care of that but there were some.specific language in Senate bill 222.that directed the state engineer to do.things in a specific way so one of them.in regards to the injury to senior.surface water rights is is this language.it says the the rules should permit the.continued use of groundwater consistent.with the prevention of material injury.to senior surface water rights reduction.shall be the minimum necessary to meet.the goals so the legislature made it.very clear that they did not want the.State Engineer coming in and just.shutting down the wells they wanted that.to be the the absolute minimum necessary.to ensure that the the ground water.users weren't impacting the senior water.rights but but then that was it so very.clear that that the legislature also.wanted continued use of groundwater here.in the San Luis Valley just just not to.the level that it impacted anybody else.and then the other objective that was.found in the legislature was to regulate.the use of the confined and unconfined.aquifers so us to maintain a sustainable.water supply in each aquifer so we have.to we have to get the aquifers to a.sustainable level now that's easier said.than done and easier to figure out when.you're just.thinking about it then actually when you.get real really down into it trying to.figure out what a sustainable aquifer.looks like a lot of people have.different ideas even the word.sustainability what exactly is that is.is yogge refers sustainable now if we.just don't deplete it anymore maybe but.what we came up with especially in the.regards to the unconfined aquifer is we.need to build those unconfined aquifers.back to some level back to where they.they were a while ago back to where we.don't have the the injury occurring to.the wells and injury occurring to the.senior water rights so several things.that the Advisory Committee really.struggled with in in helping the State.Engineer develop these rules one of them.was delayed impacts in this Basin can be.long-term how do we assure that an.entity is around to pay back for many.years so say that you've got an.irrigation well it's nearer ciner maybe.about ten ten miles away from the Rio.Grande if you pump that irrigation well.this year the impacts of that pumping.might not be felt on the Rio Grande for.ten or fifteen years so and in that in.that time you might have a different.person that even owns the well so the.person that owned the well ten years ago.the one that that caused the depletion.that's occurring right now isn't the.owner right now so who's who's supposed.to pay that injury and how do we ensure.that somebody is gonna be around to pay.that injury because the guy that owns it.now is gonna say well I didn't cause the.injury ten years ago well so so that was.one of the things that we really.struggled with another one maximum.utilization and we talked about it a.little bit before how do we maintain the.economy and ensure that water rights are.fulfilled but not.appropriately curtailed remember the.legislation says that we are supposed to.do only the minimum necessary to curtail.wells so what what is the minimum.necessary and how do we determine that.and then finally what do we want this.valley to look like in the future after.the after the groundwater use rules are.finished and people are abiding by those.the San Luis Valley is is unique in that.our main economy is is agriculture and.if we shut down the too many wells.that's that's definitely gonna hurt the.the the whole economy of the San Luis.Valley so the wells are the the rules.were have been developed with that with.those in mind and so the scope of the.rules what what they're actually doing.they've got a remedy in jurist.depletions to the senior surface water.rights that's first and foremost that's.that's got to be done.maximum utilization has to be in their.sustainable aquifers and then as far as.this sustainable aquifers what we're.saying is the fluctuations in the.aquifer are okay but it's got to be stay.within some range so it can the aquifer.can go down in a low water year kind of.be used as a reservoir basically but.then it's got to be built back up in a.higher water year no expansion of use.we've got we've got enough wells around.and enough irrigation right now we don't.we don't want to expand that use we.can't impact the compact the Rio Grande.compact is is a compact between the.states of Colorado New Mexico and Texas.and so we as Coloradoans are supposed to.send a certain amount of water down to.New Mexico and Texas and well use cannot.deplete the the Rio Grande to an extent.that it impacts the compact and then.establish an irrigation season and so.I'll I'll talk about the irrigation.season just real briefly here Senate.bill 222 did say that we had to.establish an irrigation season and so.the one of the main reasons for that and.how it kind of ties into the groundwater.use rules which some people think is is.really kind of a strange thing but.surface water rights ditch ditch owners.had in the past complained because the.irrigation season is right now is.typically April 1st to November 1st.after November 1st you get a lot the.rivers and streams start freezing up.your ditches start freezing up there's.lots of problems you can get the water.out of your ditch a lot of times after.that point but a person with a well.could find a warm day in January say and.go out there and push the button surface.water users did not like that at all and.they complained to the legislature and.they said we need an irrigation season.that is the same for everybody.surface water rights and well water.rights and so that that was kind of the.impetus for putting in the irrigation.season here in the rules so now that.we've got the rules what types of wells.do they apply to well the main one and I.think everybody understands this is.irrigation wells the vast majority of.the wells that are going to be part of.the the groundwater use rules are.irrigation wells but that's definitely.not the only type of well that is going.to be affected by these rules so we do.have municipal wells also every.municipality in the San Luis Valley that.relies on wells well they're their wells.will be subject to these groundwater use.rules and so they're they're actively.working to develop plans to get into.compliance with these groundwater use.rules.I think every every municipality in this.analyst Valley is has talked to us on.multiple occasions about what they can.do what they should do to to kind of.come into compliance with these rules.larger commercial and industrial wells.we don't have a whole lot of these.industrial wells but we do have a fair.amount of commercial wells and.commercial wells that would file under.these rules can even be down to the size.of like a potato storage warehouse well.humidification type wells those in most.cases will be subject to these rules and.so they they have to come into.compliance with that and then most.central water systems subdivision wells.if you've got a subdivision out there.that has a central water system and.you've got just one or two large.capacity wells that run that central.water system those will most likely be.falling under these rules also and then.finally wildlife wells the Fish and.Wildlife Service has been very proactive.in trying to figure out what they're.going to do with with all of their.wildlife wells so they've got wildlife.wells on the on the Baka on the monavie.stand on the Alamosa wildlife refuges.those are all going to fall under these.rules and so so they've been like a very.proactive trying to develop plans to.work within the rules still allow their.their wildlife refuges the water that.they need but but also comply with the.with the new state rules so rules do not.apply to these types of wells and this.is this is the the category you that you.want to your wells in house wells most.almost all house wells will not be.affected by these rules there are some.limited exceptions like subdivision.wels if you have a central water supply.a couple of other exceptions but by and.large most house wells most domestic.wells will not be affected by these.rules.livestock wells similarly if you've got.a small livestock well out there just.used for livestock purposes and it's.decreed they're permitted for livestock.purposes it won't won't be affected by.these rules small commercial wells these.are what we call exempt type commercial.wells this is for instance if you have a.gas station and you need a well to have.a bathroom in the gas station very very.small amount of water they won't be.affected something that that a lot of.people don't realize the closed basin.project wells will not be will not fall.under these rules and that's because.they were initially put in to offset.well depletions that's their hope well.that's still as their whole purpose is.to offset well depletions and so they're.offsetting their own depletions bless.other wells depletions and then fire.wells if you've got a while that's.capped and locked and only available for.firefighting purposes it will not be.subject to the rules so kind of what.what are the rules and what they what do.they not do they don't relieve wells of.the obligation to replace their injure.streams relations and this seems kind of.pretty straightforward but we just want.to make sure that people don't think.that once we have rules they can do.anything that they want they still have.to replace or remedy their interests.injurious stream depletions they do not.allow allow an expanded use of water so.if you've got it well out there in.irrigation well and you're complying.with the groundwater use rules that.doesn't mean that you can irrigate more.land you're still limited to what you.can.do they don't relieve wells of the.obligation to comply with their permits.rules or decrees almost all wells here.in the San Luis Valley either have a.permit through the state engineer's.office or a decree through the water.court or in most cases they have both.and they have limitations on those.permits and decrees about how many.gallons per minute they can pump for.irrigation wells what land they can they.can be used on those sorts of things and.so people still have to abide by those.those regulations and their rules and in.their permits rules and decrees so.you've got a well that's going to be.subject to the rules what can you do.there's there's basically three options.for well owners the first one and the.one that I think 95 percent or or more.of the well owners here in the Southwest.Valley will take is to participate in a.groundwater management sub district.we're probably gonna have seven total.groundwater management sub districts.within the San Luis Valley when it's all.said and done six of those will be sub.districts of the Rio Grande Water.Conservation District and one will be a.sub district of the Trinchero.Water Conservancy District in in trench.ara in the trench area Creek area so.those are areas kind of like a fire.protection district or a an ambulance.district they're an area where you pay a.tax or a fee to be in that sub district.and then they they give you some benefit.of that now the benefit of the sub.district is that they take the amount of.the the money that they collect from.well owners in that area and they do.things like by surface water ditches to.leave water in the stream to offset the.depletions or they might pay people to.follow their lands so that there's not.so much.and so that we can build the aquifer.back up so that's kind of kind of an in.general sense what the sub districts are.going to be doing we've got one sub.district right now that's been in.operation for about four years and.that's sub district number one that that.actually handles a large number of wells.kind of in the central part of the San.Luis Valley mostly irrigation wells and.so it's like set up and running people.pay into that sub district every year on.their on their taxes from the county.that money is used to to purchase water.to to pay people that maybe otherwise.injured by well pumping to fallow land I.think there's about 9,000 acres or.something of dry up right now in that.area fallowed land so so that's what.they're doing and then there's other sub.districts that are coming online in.various stages that are that are going.to be coming online here in the near.future so I like to say that 95 percent.or more of the wells probably here in.the valley are going to do going to be.in sub districts but you don't have to.be in a sub district the other option is.to obtain a plant plan for augmentation.some people are looking at this.especially if they've got a Wells and.surface water rights and they can.actually take some of that surface water.right and recharge it to top set there.they're pumping they're looking at doing.something like that that's that's got to.go through water court and it's maybe a.little bit lengthy or process just for.an individual because you have to do.that on the on your own sub district is.you have the rigger and Water.Conservation District and their lawyer.helping you out with that that whole.thing you don't have to do anything.except pay them plan of augmentation.it's it's your deal but but there are.going to be some people that do that.third option is shut your well down this.actually.is probably gonna be the option that.some people choose I would say that the.vast majority of well owners will choose.number one or two but there are some.well owners that are gonna say it's just.not worth it I can't pay the fees of the.sub-district or I can't do the plan of.augmentation I'm just gonna shut my well.done so the rules as I said filed in.water court last September so what does.that mean the rules were were signed by.the state engineer finished but he's got.to submit those to to water court.they've got to go through the water.court process and that means that people.have the the ability to object to those.rules if they think that there's.something wrong with them so in this in.this case we actually had 30 statements.of objection to the rules these were.either individuals or groups of people.that had problems with some part of the.rules and regulations now about ten of.those were what we call objections in.support of the rules they were people or.groups that for the most part that.thought that the rules were were pretty.good they just wanted to be involved in.the case just in case something came up.and that they wanted to have a say in.and so they told the judge yeah we're.gonna we're gonna fill out a statement.of objection we really don't have any.thing that we're concerned about but we.want to be in the case so so we have.roughly 20 people or entities that are.have some definite objection to the.rules in looking at those I I don't.think that there's anybody that's done a.statement about objection that says that.they don't like the rules at all that.they don't they don't think the rules.are valid at all or should be should be.done at all they're mainly people that.just have.parts of the rules that they don't like.and so some of the reasons for those.objections kind of the some of the.general ones one is the sustainability.concern as I said earlier we've we've.had to come up with kind of some of the.guidelines for sustainability and that's.kind of everybody's got their own idea.of what sustainability is and how we get.there some people are concerned that.what we put in the in the rules may not.be quite right and they want us to.reevaluate the sustainability portion of.it the other part of the sustainability.kind of falls under that is proportional.responsibility say you're in an area.with with 199 other wells you've got one.well people around you have 199 wells.the aquifers dropped 20 feet you need to.bring it back 20 feet what is your one.out of that 200 number of wells what is.your responsibility to bring that.aquifer back and how do you figure that.out different wells in different areas.different pumping amounts how exactly.does that work and so we we've got some.things in the in the rules that we think.will work for determining that.responsibility but there's been an.objection on that people think that that.maybe that's not quite the way we should.do it one of the reasons for objections.of some people are that the compliance.states are too strict.these are usually well owners let's say.the compliance dates to meet the.obligations of the rules are coming up.too fast we there's not not enough time.to get sub districts in place not enough.time to get our augmentation plan in.place we just need more time on the.other hand we've got some objections.that say complete compliance states are.too lenient.these are usually surface water users.that are saying yeah I've been injured.for the last 40 years.I want the well shut off right now.and you're giving them a year or two to.get their plans in place that's too long.and still others are objecting to the.irrigation season so that's that's.another big part of the objections there.so when will the rules be effective.they're there in court right now they've.been signed by the State Engineer.you know we had the legislation back in.2004 that said for us to develop these.these rules what's the deal well the the.judge the water judge is is Judge patty.swift the district judge here and she's.scheduled an eight-week trial a little.over a year from now in January in.February of 2018 for all of the.objectors we are actively working with.the objectors trying to come up with.some stipulated agreements so that we.don't have to go to go to that trial but.if we if we need to there is an eight.week trial scheduled and I'm fairly.certain that we're probably not going to.reach stipulated agreements with all of.the 30 objectors there probably be some.that we can't reach a stipulated.agreement with and we'll end up going to.trial and then the judge will make a.decision so that that trial is scheduled.for a little more than a year out and.then the rules will become effective on.the date when all protests have been.resolved so that means basically if.judge Swift makes a ruling on that and.said okay I'm gonna get rid of all the.protests for instance I'm gonna say that.the rules are good if nobody appeals.that decision that's the date that those.rules will become effective if somebody.appeals that decision it goes to the.Karo Supreme Court and then we go.through that process and then on the.date that they make their decision.that's the the date that the rules will.become effective so.we're probably talking it if it's not.appealed I would assume that the judge.would make her ruling mid 2018 there.abouts and assuming that that she.upholds the rules and they'll they'll go.into effect then if it is appealed it'll.probably add another at least in another.year on to that so after there they are.effective what are the deadlines for.people to meet the the obligations of.the rules well if you're going to be in.a sub district within one year of the.effective date you have to have your sub.district formed and we've we've actually.got several sub districts that are.already formed and so they're ahead of.schedule on this if you're gonna do your.own augmentation plan you have two years.within the effective date of the rules.to come up with your augmentation plan.but you have to be operating under a.what's called an SW SP or a substitute.water supply plan which is kind of a.temporary plan temporary augmentation.plan that you need to to be operating.under sure yes mm-hmm.yep two years after the effective date.so mm-hmm.yeah and then as always if you can't.meet those those deadlines you have to.shut off your wells so what are the.effect of the rules you know it's it's.been kind of an interesting thing.irrigation land prices have really shot.up over the little since we started.talking about the rules which is just.completely opposite of what most people.thought would would happen but I think.one of the reasons is that people.actually see some some promise of some.stability here in the San Luis Valley.they know that we are working that we.will have.sustainable aquifer in the future we.will have a situation where if you have.a surface water right you're not going.to be injured by groundwater pumping and.so I'll tell and prices especially land.prices with wells and surface water have.have just skyrocketed in my opinion.especially over the last five years and.so that's that's probably a good thing.about the rules is that there there.actually may be causing some land prices.to increase as I said before we are.probably going to have some well owners.who will just have to discontinue their.well in large part these are gonna be.people that maybe have surface water.that they can fall back on and the well.is just a supplemental supply so it's.not as big of a part of their operation.and so they can get get rid of their.well and and still make a living but but.we will have that situation happen I'm.sure so now the in sub-district one for.instance people are paying $75 per.acre-foot pumped on average you can you.can say that there's about two acre feet.per acre pump so you're paying roughly.maybe 150 dollars per acre foot or per.acre of your ground in additional fees.and it's and then you got administration.fees and some other things but so.somewhere around that $150 per acre that.you have and so that's a significant.chunk of money but for the majority of.of well owners especially sprinkler.irrigated owners it's it's a manageable.cost I think so so I think that they can.still make it make a good living and and.abide by the rules and and still keep.their wells going with that that's my.presentation so I'll definitely take any.question.that anybody has yes ma'am I don't know.what they're gonna generally with an.augmentation plan the the consumptive.use portion has to be replaced a hundred.percent so it's not the total pumping.amount but it's the the part that's.consumed so so say you've got a well.that that you used to flood irrigate you.you flooded or get your field generally.on flood irrigation it's about fifty.percent is taken up by the plants and.about 50% is seeps into the ground and.is and goes back into the groundwater.so yeah so a a well owner in that case.only consumes about fifty percent now if.you have a sprinkler you're consuming.probably around 80 to 85 percent because.it's a lot more efficient you still you.still probably consume them the same.amount because the plants take up that.amount but just you put less on the.plants and so less is getting in back.into the groundwater yes ma'am.each of the sub districts can come up.with their own plans and how they're.gonna operate it I do not know what sub.district six is gonna do with their plan.yeah.amber Pacheco would be the one to to.answer that one.[Music].and most people that are living in in.towns here in the San Luis Valley have.probably seen their their water rates go.up over the last five years or so and.one of the main reasons is because the.municipalities are are getting geared up.to spend some money so that they can.abide by these rules so the so the.compact is on a yearly basis and so.there's not we don't need to deliver any.water on a on a specific day so it's.just an annual amount but and it and it.actually changes if we have a low water.year we get to keep more of it if we.have a high water year we have to let.more of it down but on an average year.on the Rio Grande it's it's probably.about twenty five percent of the water.that we have to pass down mm-hmm yep.mm-hmm.yeah and on the on the canals there's.actually to two parts to the Rio Grande.compact the Rio Grande mainstem and in.the canal system and on the canal system.we have to deliver a little bit more.about 30 percent there's there's about.six thousand wells that if they were in.operation they should be metered now.people do have an option to just.inactivate their wells if they're not.gonna use them they can say I'm gonna.discontinue it from power first.for instance and I'm not gonna put a.meter on it but if if all of them were.active there'd be about 6,000 so there's.about 4,500 that actually have AB meters.on them now.I think around 500 thousand acre-feet.would be my guess the the plan doesn't.directly address that how that can be.done but it does say that the confined.aquifers have to be raised back and this.as part of Senate bill 222 they have to.be raised back to the levels that they.were in 1978 to 2002 to that time period.now.well owners either through a sub.district or their plan of augmentation.have the ability to figure out different.ways to get that to meet that.sustainability level some people are are.looking at recharge pits along the rim.so that they can get some more water to.the kind of confined aquifer other.people are just looking at shutting.confined aquifer wells down so that.there's not so much draw on it.I don't know exactly but I think we've.got more unconfined aquifer well so we.do confined but we're it's not a big.difference I don't think so maybe like.40 percent or confined would be my guess.sure so we we have generally two.aquifers here in the Southwest Valley.the the unconfined is our top aquifer.and it's generally from like six to ten.feet down you can most places here in.the valley you can get water down to.about a hundred feet on average is the.unconfined aquifer some some places the.person places shallower and then we've.got a clay layer it's called the blue.clay layer although it's not always blue.but in most circumstances it's it's kind.of a bluish color and it it separates.the two aquifers now below that blue.clay layer the the blue clay layer kind.of acts as a as a top to that confined.aquifer in it and it pushes down on that.confined aquifer and you've got the the.confined off for dose from that point.down and can be several thousand feet.down in depth and it's under pressure.because of just the shape of how it is.and so most places when you punch a hole.into the confined aquifer you get.artesian pressure and our kitchen flows.so not not always in all parts of the.confined aquifer you can go into the.confined and not get artesian pressures.but in a lot of places you do yeah and.it's a it's a lot more difficult to to.try to figure out just because it's.deeper and and and goes to a large depth.in some places and we just don't have a.really or we didn't have a really good.handle on it we're getting a lot better.at that now they're going to be treated.the same as far as what they need to do.as far as replacing depletions.to the streams and having a.sustainability component but they will.be treated differently just because of.they're going to be in different.response areas and so this is for.everybody else.some people understand response areas.but for if you don't response areas are.areas that the model has come up with.that the wells in that area are kind of.similarly located in a similar can.confined or unconfined aquifer situation.and so we come up with areas that the.wells are we believe are kind of kind of.can be treated equally in that area so.so wells within each each response area.will be treated the same but a well in.one response area might not act exactly.the same as a well in another area if.that makes makes it so.[Music].yeah there there are the the.sub-district one has its own respond sir.and then so watch in San Luis creeks.have their own response area yeah so.yeah so so the the wells in each.response area that they'll have a.sustainability component like I talked.about so they'll have to sustain the.aquifer but the way that we're doing.that with the model is that they'll only.have one aquifer that they'll primarily.be responsible to sustain so for.instance sub district number one most of.the wells are in the unconfined and so.they'll have to sustain the unconfined.aquifer even though they have some.confined wells they're there their goal.is only directly really related to the.unconfined aquifer and it's it's our.belief that if we sustain the end.confined aquifer that'll help the.confined also and we've got some areas.that are vice-versa mostly confined.wells but some one can find.stabilize the aquifer and to stabilize.it by talking people into shutting down.their Wells drying up the land what.happens when the aquifer is not coming.back enough money there to continue yeah.so so the so the rules are designed such.that it's not the state coming in and.telling people exactly what they want to.they have to do its we're just telling.them what the goals are the goals are to.saying sustain the aquifer however they.can get that done is is great but they.have to get it done so if they set their.limits on their amount of money that.they're collecting through the.sub-district and it's not enough they're.gonna have to change that and collect.more money.for instance that's a potential solution.and I think sand in here getting amber.can can correct me if I'm wrong but I.think some sub districts have at least.looked into the the idea of each well if.you're gonna be in the sub district you.have to upfront cut cut back ten percent.or twenty or something like that just.right up front so so yeah they sub.districts have a lot of leeway in how.they want to address the problem yep and.and I think that's gonna be the case.yeah.we hope none but yeah realistically we.we are finding some out there we're.we're addressing those when we find them.and and really the meters on the wells.are helping that immensely we can go.right out there and tell exactly how.much those wells are pumping and and we.know if they're meeting their.requirements or not so.so the so the rules don't say anything.about that there again because we want.this to be a water user LED solution all.we're saying is you have to abide by.your permits and decrees you can't can't.pump more than what your decree says but.if you want to buy an iceberg in Alaska.and truck it over here and recharge the.aquifer that's something that you can do.you know as long as it meets the.requirements gets this aquifer up and.and doesn't hurt the senior water users.whatever whatever works in that area.yeah yeah good good point there's lots.of options and people people are.definitely cutting back just because.they have to.they've mostly done this through their.conservation efforts and awareness and.different cropping patterns some green.manure products instead of just.kind of an unfair question but politics.of money always you know there's there's.always something that's gonna come up.always some some problem with water but.I really think that as far as the the.two main things that these rules are.designed to to alleviate sustainability.of the aquifer and replacing injuries.depletions to the rivers I think those.will will get done.yeah there's and then we'll get this.done and then there'll be something else.that we have to tackle.[Music].can I that sounds about right confined.and unconfined the the city uses for for.drinking water facilities mostly they do.have some the question I have is.do you have a timeline in mind based on.historical so each aquifer is gonna in.each area is going to be a little bit.different but for instance sub district.number one which is already up and going.they they have a period of 20 years to.replace the aquifer or to get it to that.sustainable level they've already gone.four years of that so they've got 16.more years to to build that up and.they're the last two or three years.they're making good progress on that.it's definitely a concern that we have.and and you're right that we we don't.have big municipalities that need a.whole lot of water here in the valley.but we do have big municipalities.outside of the valley that are looking.for water as far as the amount of water.yeah yeah well a general rule of thumb.is municipal uses if you're just talking.about especially just in-house uses are.maybe 10% at the most consumptive use 5.to 10%.yeah yeah right.and whereas agriculture if you're if.you're talking about a sprinkler system.only about 17% of that goes back to the.ground so so and that's a kind of an.interesting thing too we talk about.efficiency on wells and systems and you.can get more efficient on on systems.like going from flood irrigation to.sprinkler but it's not always a good.thing when you're talking about the.amount of water that you're using you're.you are getting more efficient but that.means that you're using up more of the.water that you're pumping out.Yeah right.yeah that's exactly right that's that's.exactly why why we don't have water and.drain ditches or one of the main reasons.yeah mmm the other one is that our.aquifer levels are down and it's going.into the ground but yeah.that somebody reminded me one time for.this generations Pentagon it is burden.to bear with the rules and regulations.but years ago there were whole.generation that have a deal with the.state intervening and compact.administration said we'll never we'll.never survive this our economy will fall.apart and we found the way in the 60s to.adhere to the compact and survive this.generation has different set of.standards been ironic to have lawyers.from California coming into my office.representing interest that ever breaking.point the value of the land here is.increasing so lawyers from California.come by to ask ok how do we stay.compliant with those regs and they.remind me to go look we realize what.you're going through is really painful.and tough but you guys are doing the.right thing because we didn't do it in.California and we've seen you know huge.drops in our aquifers subsidence problem.sightings.yeah and and like said I think that's.that's one of the main reasons that that.land prices are going irrigated land.prices are going up so high is because.we have some assurance that we're gonna.have that water 20 30 40 years from now.and there's some areas of the country.that that might not be the case.watch farmers saying that's my neighbor.next door yeah exactly there's there's.gonna be some some fights and some.arguments between people as there always.is but I think when you get right down.to it people especially water users here.in the valley understand that we need to.do something and and they understand.that people are trying to trying to work.in good faith to get that done.so and we abandon our oh maybe we should.shut down the 1980 well 1917 is that not.even a consideration.it's not a consideration in the rules.there again because we don't want to.tell people how they can how they can.get to where they need to go but I know.some sub districts have at least thought.about that they that's a potential.solution shutting off some wells that.are maybe junior to some other wells I.don't know if any of the sub districts.are gonna actually go with that but that.has been discussed well so under the.priority system as long as the wells are.replacing their depletions and they're.not injuring a senior water right then.they can they can go ahead and pump and.that's that's kind of the deal and so if.they do have a good plan and it's been.approved by the State Engineer and.approved by the judge that says if they.won't then then we can let them go.[Music].and.yeah and you know that that's definitely.a possibility for for sub-districts to.look at that and do that but kind of the.bottom line is where where the.legislature says that we're only.supposed to do the minimum necessary you.know and they don't want us to overstep.that then that's as long as as Wells in.a certain area or meeting their.obligations and we're saying that's good.yeah.yeah yeah that you know cities are are.always growing for the most part and so.and they're always looking for.additional supplies water yeah they they.sure do and and I think it's it's.getting harder and harder for him.over the years you know it used to be.fairly fairly simple they'd go out on.the eastern plains for instance and just.dry up you know hundreds of miles of.irrigated land and take that water and.that's that's definitely not the case.nowadays that's that's frowned upon and.so they're they're looking harder and.harder for some some viable sources of.water mm-hmm yeah yep that's true it's.it's it's a big deal we all need water.and and that brings up something a good.thought too is that you know we we have.this this kind of aversion I think to to.dry in a bag land and moving it all to.the to the cities but on the other hand.that the water is the water rights are.owned by individual people and we can't.tell the individual people no you can't.sell your your water rights and so they.have a they will right under Colorado.law to sell their water rights.in Washington as soon as the EPA know.all those attorneys came down to San.Luis Valley tried to buy off the water.right Alan and yeah and and one of the.things that like a WD I did I think.they're their biggest problem was that.they weren't water rights owners they.they wanted to develop new sources of.water and not not buy up other people's.waters and they're just there's just no.new sources of water available here in.the San Luis Valley yeah.[Applause].[Music].

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Colorado Water Well Permit Application Form FAQs

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What is a Colorado well permit?

I was driving across country alone and going about 58 mph in a 55 when I was pulled over (I think Illinois or Indiana) despite numerous vehicles outpacing me. I had a mini van loaded with my children’s stuff that was being transported from NY back to Colorado while the kids flew back. The officer asked if he could search my car, I am sure I hesitated and asked why but I consented because I felt like I had no other choice; two plain clothes officers and a dog showed up and I was scared to death. I felt terrified and violated, I was trembling and was barely capable of driving . After the inciden Continue Reading

How much does it cost to build a water well in Africa?

Lets see if I can make this not boring. - $100 million in gold (I hope there’s enough on the market for that) - $100 million in cars (Full MSO McLaren P1, Agera RS, Aventador SV-R, RR Ghost BB, G63 AMG, Viper ACR [bc race car], 2x Porsche 917s, Porsche 918, Laferrari FXX K, Ferrari F12 TDF, RWB Porsche 993, LB Works GT-R, Jaguar C-Type, and why not—a Veyron). - $200 million in real estate. House in Seattle, apartment in Manhattan, house in Tokyo, condo in Miami, warehouses in expanding markets (SW US, maybe Austin), subdivision development. - $100 million in Berkshire Hathaway Class A shares (for Continue Reading

How much does it cost to put a well on your property?

The cost of adding a connection for an RV to a residential septic tank system can be high, depending on whether the jurisdictional authority, likely the health department, will allow additional connections to your tank, and if the drain line (tank inlet) is reasonably close to the site where you will park your RV. Septic systems are usually installed as shallow as possible, and you have to be able to maintain fall from the connection point to where you intersect the waste line going to the tank. You could probably calculate a “cost per foot” for materials and labor, but obviously, the range could be from a few feet to over one hundred feet or more. The well connection would just mean tapping the water supply and running pipe, then installing the connection, probably a hose bib. Finally, you didn’t include it, but I imagine adding an electrical connection, so you will have a power plug. Again, cost is relative to the distance (and size of the connecting circuit) and whether you have electrical panel box capacity for the added load.

What does it cost to drill a water well in Colorado?

It depends on quite a few factors.. The geology under you determines mosr of the cost. You could have hard rock like malapie or soft rock like shale. Sand and cinders are hard to drill thru because you need special mud pumped down there to stabilze it. Sandstone is a dream to drill thru. And then you have to consider the size of the drillbit and the casing going down. It could be 10$ per foot and it could be 55$ per foot. And also the depth that you are drilling to. The last time I had a hole drilled it was a 6 inch bit and a five inch casing drilled down to 1080 feet from the original 350 fee Continue Reading

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