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Guide of Record Of Continuity Brazer Qualification Form 2008

dr. unang Henson Minister for education.and second minister for defence.professor wang hengbu chairman lky.school governing board ladies and.gentlemen i would like to extend a warm.welcome to all of you we are gathered.here today to mark the fourth.anniversary celebrations of our school.thank you we're taking out the time to.attend this important lecture before we.start the formal program I would like to.draw your attention for the next ten.minutes to a documentary that has.recently been completed by our school.this documentary highlights the exciting.journey and the remarkable progress our.school has made in the last four years.the documentary screening will be.followed by a deans remarks thereafter.we will hear from the Minister of.Education the minister has also agreed.to a Q&A session after his lecture.finally I am pleased to inform you that.the lky schooled students and staff had.invited for a celebratory lunch in the.foyer of the earth young ham lobby I.invite you now to view the lky school.video we hope that you enjoy it and fit.and find it somewhat inspiring thank you.the world has changed China is now the.fastest growing large economy in the.world and grown three times faster than.the UK.by 2014 it's predicted that India will.burst the world's third-largest economy.China's rise along with that of India.and the continuing weight of Japan.represents the greatest shift in global.power in history as countries in.Southeast Asia also enter a new phase of.development the importance of public.policy and good governance has become.increasingly recognized.despite rapid development and in part.because of it there are still many.challenges that face the region.more than ever before the continued.prosperity of Asia depends on the.ability of its politicians and.policymakers to provide leadership and.sound public policies for the benefit of.its people.the leak on use call of Public Policy a.graduate school of the National.University of Singapore is a place where.policy makers come to discuss the vast.spectrum of issues that face Asia and.the complexities of new governance for.this region.it is ideally situated to provide unique.perspectives and insights on the.emergence of the world's most dynamic.region it was first established in 1992.as the public policy program of n us in.partnership with the John F Kennedy.School of Government of Harvard.University the school is headed by Dean.professor Kishore marble bunny named as.one of the top 100 public intellectuals.by foreign policy magazine in 2005.mission of the school is to help Asia.transform itself is the fastest growing.school of public policy in the world it.is also in some ways the most generous.school of public policy in the world.because only twenty percent of our.students come from Singapore devi.percent come from overseas and about.eighty-five percent of those who come.from overseas come on scholarships given.by the school most of the schools of.public policy here in the West we have.the first asian school of public policy.to join the global public policy network.that was set up by sea power of columbia.university an Ivy League university in.America by london school of economics.and by sea on spoke in Paris concrete.benefit that you get from joining the.GPT n is that you can enroll in the Lee.Kuan Yew school of public policy in the.masters in public policy program and if.you do well in the first year you are.eligible to go to.Columbia University alessio Xian spool.and you can get two degrees instead of.one and quite often hear a scholarship.stood and the liquid is cooled a public.policy pays all your expenses in.Singapore and in New York London Paris.and that's a huge gift that the school.provides.the lee kuan yew school of public.policies reputation for excellence lies.in its faculty this diverse and growing.community of scholars and practitioners.are well known for teaching and research.expertise in a variety of fields.governments across the region are facing.increasing performance pressures from.from their citizens and that's whether.you look at it in terms of delivering.consistent economic growth social.services or reducing corruption I think.the lky school is uniquely poised to be.an innovator among schools of Public.Policy we use case studies.systematically from throughout the.region and train students to use them to.think critically about lessons they.could draw and how to translate those.across sometimes very messy geographical.and cultural boundaries most schools.focus on quantitative and qualitative.analysis and we have a strong emphasis.on that to understand the context in.which leadership occurs but to get to.the core of the leader and what helps a.leader move forward to bring about.change or needs to look at the.individual there's very little research.on Asian leadership and on public.leadership and so we're reinventing.something here trying to make it.appropriate Fraser the school also.attracts distinguished visitors and.guest lecturers such as former British.Prime Minister Tony Blair New York Times.columnist Thomas L Friedman Nobel.laureate Douglas North Indian Minister.for commerce and industry come on earth.Andrew wondon president paul kagame.for prospective students the school.offers three masters programs the master.and public policy program is a two year.cause targeted at young professionals.the master public administration a one.year degree caters to mid-career.professionals and finally to master and.public management targeted towards.senior leaders in the public and private.sector provides the opportunity for.qualifying students to spend a semester.at Harvard or Columbia University the.school also offers a PhD degree and a.diverse range of high quality executive.education programs these are awarded by.the National University of Singapore.consistently ranked among the top.universities in the world executive.education plays a critical role in.supporting the school's mission to raise.levels of governance around the world.because the courses are short because.they are targeted at specific.organizations and specific countries it.allows us to much better serve the needs.of those countries where recently.engaged in a multi-year program cater to.the needs of Vietnam now this country is.undergoing a period of transition it has.just joined the world trade organization.and its economy is moving from central.planning towards free markets we have.been retained by the Asia Development.Bank to train up to 900 Vietnamese.government officials and prepare them.for these for the new environment in.which they find themselves.the school attracts students from a.variety of backgrounds international.concert violinist min Lee is a Yale.University graduate who has performed.with a royal philharmonic orchestra my.previous background and experiences have.been very very different and I've been.performing since I was five and it's.been such a focused career that I just.really felt I wanted a chance to broaden.myself a little just get a different.perspective on things and I feel that.the lee kuan yew school is the perfect.opportunity for me to do that I came.here to Singapore because I wanted to.get an understanding of the Asian public.policy framework and I feel that the.curriculum has enabled me to do that had.taken a chance to travel around the.region on our breaks I've been to some.trips to Vietnam Malaysia Cambodia.number of different countries often.traveling with my classmates which has.been a lot of fun and I've got to see.places that I never would have seen.before the idea of doing a master's.program is to equip you with skills to.get a job my chosen area of interest was.public service and I wanted to do.something which had practical.implications as well as quantitative.rigor so public policy was the perfect.choice so you told what I saw what you.had that war mother jigar tala dare take.a closer from the papa lindo Kama Sutra.you feel like Singapore adi da Jie.meanwhile buddy here like a commission.for this little guy father with you this.little table to consume the lake on you.school of public policy has also.actively pursued the establishment of.centers of excellence please include the.Institute of policy studies the Asia.competitiveness Institute and the center.on Asia and globalization.IPL brings to the school a track record.of 20 years of hard work in studying.various aspects of Singapore's public.policy and the experience of governance.to give you some example we have done a.major book on how we have been able to.maintain harmony between our different.ethnic groups our different religions.and and this harmony is so important to.the overall governance a Singaporean to.our continued prosperity the objectives.of the Asian competitiveness in CPU it.could help the countries in the region.develop faster economically by.developing policies implementing.policies that will create jobs attract.investments and hopefully improve these.kind of living of the people there are.enormous numbers of studies that look at.the impact of globalization on Asia but.we're interested in the looking at the.question the other way around what is.Asia's impact going to be on the world.and how our Asian leaders thinking about.what their impact ought to be the center.is unique because it is a place that.brings together the best scholars from.Asia and from the West we have.partnerships with the Brookings.Institution with researchers in.Australia at Princeton University at.Harvard at Ching hua university really.all over the world upon graduation the.school encourages students to make a.difference not just a living with many.of the school's alumni choosing to take.up roles that contribute to improving.the lives of people all over the world.the advantage of a public policy.education is that you learned about the.strengths of the invisible hand in the.marketplace and you also learn about.these strengths of a visible hand in.governance and that's something you.cannot get in a business school our hope.is that click the public policy.education be providing.the end result will be that millions.will have billions of lives will benefit.the lee kuan yew school of public policy.is a school for those with the.aspiration and drive to make a positive.difference to their societies and to the.world at large it is a school that.embraces the past to shake the future.a stall that creates future leaders.a school attorneys ideas.into actions.it is the school of you Asia.Lee Kuan Yew school of public policy.I thank you for your attention and now.I'd like to invite our team professor.madhubani to come and give his opening.remarks dr. onion hen Minister for.education and second minister for.defence professor Guan gong wu chairman.of our governing board excellencies.distinguished guests ladies and.gentlemen it gives me great pleasure to.welcome you all of you here on the.occasion of the fourth anniversary.celebrations and in particular on the.thank Minister own for gracing this.occasion for green to deliver the.lecture today now the school was.launched on 16th August 2004 and so we.try to commemorate each anniversary with.a public lecture my role here is to give.a very short introduction I normally.make three points and some of you may.know and then three points our first.about the school then about the lecture.series and then a note about the speaker.now the school and and frankly if either.give five quick indicators of the growth.of the school the first one of course I.would mention is the video i thought the.minister we just finished it yesterday.afternoon at five o'clock by the way.just in time and the reason why we have.to produce this video is because we're.getting so many visitors to the school.almost daily visitors we decided that we.had to produce a video that full the.story in a few minutes everybody the.second indicator growth is of course.space we started you may not believe.this in august two thousand floor with.one floor in one building shah building.in 10.which we moved to one building in hang.weekend terrace and now we've grown to.three buildings in the bukit timah.campus and as I thought the minister.when you're walking in we're running out.of space already and that's true by the.way so that's an indication of how.rapidly they're growing third of course.the students we started the program that.we inherited at less than 40 students in.2004 today we have 283 students from 43.countries so that makes us clearly the.fastest growing school of public policy.in the world and we are very proud as.you can tell of the diversity of.background of our students fourth is of.course our faculty and our centers.faculty grew from 11 to 25 and it's also.very diverse and very strong and you can.see that we started with zeros research.centers I think the film mentioned three.since the film was done we have one more.Institute of water policy and we may.announce another one next month so five.centers in four years and finally of.course we have this wonderful range of.partnerships with a candidate school in.the first Asian school to join the.global public policy network but we also.by the way have exchange programs with.other universities like dr. University.University of San gallon in Switzerland.hei in Geneva Ching hua and also with.Moscow so the range of partnerships that.we have are also growing in short the.school has made remarkable progress in.in four years secondly let me say a bit.about the lecture series we thought the.best way to mark each year is to have a.distinguished lecture and we are very.pleased that we have had a very diverse.range of speakers on the first.anniversary we had Pascal Lamy was then.the director-general doesn't it the.World Trade Organization went as you.know now he's running the World Trade.Organization he discussed the lessons.the European integration could provide.for global governance.and the second anniversary Minister.Martin who's talked about housing policy.in Singapore and on the third.anniversary via News ina and wat.executive director of sisters of islam.malaysia who shared her thoughts on.islam and public policy so we are also.very proud that in the choice of.speakers and topics we've tried to be.very diverse also on these anniversaries.and now this brings me to my final point.i'm happy to say a word about our very.distinguished speaker minister own let.me begin by emphasizing that he's a.graduate of the National University of.Singapore he obtained his mbbs in 1982.from our university graduating with.distinction xin social medicine and.public health he or subsequently receive.his master in medicine and surgery in.1987 also from the National University.of Singapore he then worked as a.consultant surgeon a Singapore general.hospital before entering private.practice in 1997 he began his political.career in november 2001 when he was.elected a member of parliament for.bichon drop io GRC and he was appointed.Minister of State for Education Minister.stay for manpower in January 2002 this.was followed by a remarkably rapid rise.in his political career in 2003 he.became the acting Minister for manpower.and was promoted to full minister in the.following year in two thousand five.years appointed a second minister for.defence will contain yourself.concurrently as a minister for manpower.he returned to the ministry education.april two thousand eight as minister for.education while retaining his defence.portfolio today dr. n will be speaking.to us on the topic educating the next.generation it's a particularly.appropriate topic to be speaking about.in the School of Public Policy also.because Singapore's track record in.education as we all know has been quite.remarkable we do actually get a lot of.visitors who come to Singapore and come.to our school or us ask questions about.why Singapore's education system is done.so we.but there's no better person here to.discuss the future education then.minister also cannot be seen by you.instead of give you the professor one.can move chairman of the governing board.kishore dean of the kuan yew school of.public policy first let me thank the.school for inviting me to speak this.morning at your 4th anniversary venture.it's a great honor as Kishore says the.school has undergone remarkable growth.and expansion it has occupied a.footprint larger than where you are now.I take note the fact that you're short.of space I'm only speaking figuratively.of course but where you travel lee kuan.yew school of public policy has gained.renown and for a school of four years is.a remarkable achievement i think.reflects well on the board the faculty.and the students i'm a proud alumni.alumnus of in u.s. medical school it.helped when you're doing our post.graduate fellowships whether i was in.Edinburgh where fellow or on a soft.College of Surgeons reading the horn us.where we did further postgraduate.studies but it shows the branding and.the equity that we get from NUS I also.want to make a note on the choice of.your speakers I'm glad I reflects a.strategic perspective I know then your.second public lecture invited the.minister of national development and in.this lecture you're inviting a minister.of education there are strategic thrusts.these invitations.to entitle a lecture educating the next.generation i think is to invite a.torrent of passionate responses and.suggestions here's one tip for you if.you ever find yourself dinner and.conversations are getting insipid just.say you're from the Education Ministry.compositions were liven and all the.closet educationists will come springing.out and there will be many opinions many.suggestions all of which have some.kernel of truth and many universally the.strong interest and commitment to ensure.that a young receive a sound education.but in practice this yearning has not.always resulted in approval when new.educational initiatives are introduced.in fact if you look at surveys across.countries the norm is more often than.not dissatisfaction with incumbent.education systems let me cite one.instance this was a 2007 survey by the.Fraser Institute which is an independent.Canadian research organization and.ninety-four percent of respondents in.Ontario Canada cited disappointment of.the public schools as a factor in.choosing and therefore sent their.children to a private school never been.to antero any hear from Canada I don't.know what ails on pero go in ninety-four.percent of the respondents I presume as.a self-selected group Syria dissatisfied.cannot be that the system is so bad but.it shows that there is a great mismatch.between expectations and results and.even high-performing systems don't.always garner approval so despite South.Korea's strong educational achievements.in recent years the iht reported in June.the rapidly expanding number of Korean.parents have been driven.driven by a shared dissatisfaction of.South Korea's rigid educational system.uncle to school their children in.english-speaking countries so they're.sending them to New Zealand the US and.Singapore is also notice a rising number.of Korean students in our schools korean./ parents believe their children have an.edge if they become fluent in english.but also want to escape the quote stress.of south korea's notorious educational.pressure cooker as exemplified by their.cram schools stakeholders parents and.children themselves included obviously.at high ideals and reasonably expect.good public education as a universal.right as enshrined in many constitutions.worldwide but the delivery of this right.has been patchy spending more that's not.always guarantee that outcomes as a.percentage of gdp countries like Chile.and Mexico spend more on education.compared to the OECD average but are not.known for high-performing educational.systems on the other hand the cumulative.expenditure per student of New Zealand.and the Netherlands this below the oecd.average yet both are among the best.performing countries in OECD's program.for international student assessment.pisa surveys the richest countries don't.always have the best quality education.systems the u.s. is the largest economy.in the world they are the best schools.in some areas but even by their own.admission lament the state of their.general education system last year some.of you may have read the bill gates join.forces with fellow philanthropist Eli.Broad to launch a US 60 60 million.campaign called strong American schools.to push for education reforms in public.schools one quit is that the standard of.schools in the San Francisco Bay Area.Rises with the altie.where the more wealthy can afford homes.and send your school's there for sure.successive governments US governments.have put in resources to try to improve.outcomes so take for instance the No.Child Left Behind Act of 2001 in the.u.s. to reduce the achievement gap for.disadvantaged students however seven.years later and after more than us 160.billion spent on this initiative the.results are still inconclusive and the.merits are still being hotly debated in.the education community up till today in.the UK independent schools such as eaten.Winchester Wickham Abbey and Wellington.have traditionally been bastions where.the elite have sent their children to.receive the education for generations a.visiting master from one of these.independent schools recently told me.that the average spent was about 26,000.pounds a year these schools which when.compared with that spend in public.education was about twice slightly twice.the closest gap the Tory government.under bland Brown put considerable.resources to improve education the.government set the goal for getting.fifty percent of his students into.University by the results again have.been mixed The Straits Times recently.reported the one of Britain's leading.universities Imperial College of London.this introducing a new unit entrance.exam for its epic ins because it.believes that the grades in the present.uka levels are so inflated that they can.no longer provide a viable way to select.the best students so some elite schools.and universities want to abandon the UK.a-levels to open step for a new and more.rigorous pre you qualification offered.by Cambridge University I recently.visited the Cambridge University free.you may even may know it by its old name.the University Cambridge local.examinations syndicate.his name has been changed to Cambridge.assessment and they're offering a new.qualification called Cambridge cream the.examples of these mix outcomes I have.cited and are isolated ones.unfortunately for many countries the.quest to educate the mass as well.through a strong public education system.has been akin to going through a maze of.inaccurate maps or directions many have.taken wrong turns or landed up in dead.ends the best in 10 and socialist ideals.did and could not translate into.practical and effective outcomes for.students and I'm talking about public.education in other words not the best.schools in that system by the medium and.how narrow that variances in terms of.his performance why is this so have we.asked too much of education systems thus.the fact that there are fewer systems.that do well tell us anything pointedly.for us in Singapore how is the Singapore.education system fair and how do we.improve it further these are all.important questions and let me give some.answers the Singapore education system.is well-regarded internationally I.series of humility and almost of a sigh.of relief because we could have easily.veered off track and I as our explain.later the International Institute for.management development IMD were.completed to this year book for this.year ranked Singapore first for having.an education system there meets the.needs of a competitive economy at the.school level are 14 and 18 year old.students come up top in both mats and.signs among 49 countries in the 2003.trends International mathematics and.science that it is called tips this will.be the only slide I'm show for this.lecture so enjoy.I want to point out what this slide.shows and there's era of globalization.one aspect is that international.comparisons have been taken across.countries a various system so this.itself is a positive facet of.globalization that you can actually.compare cross systems varying cultures.languages socioeconomic status and you.can rank them there are a few except the.ones Tim's as one as i said is.international trends in international.mathematics and science study in minutes.49 countries so they do the same tests.for those aged 10 and 14 in all these.schools 949 countries that a survey.another one is pearls that are mentioned.for the progress in international.reading literacy study which basically.measures literacy and language and.another the oecd pizza which i mentioned.about so these three are the more.benchmarks but there are few interesting.results that we should know I sure this.light to show our top ranking in 2003 so.Singapore fortunately ranks up there for.twenty or three but if you note the.leaders in that list Singapore Korea.Hong Kong Chinese Taipei Japan Asian.countries no accident something to do.with the culture emphasis the parents.place in education but I also want you.to note another feature a more important.feature of where our lower or weaker.academic students and how they fare and.they've blown up that slide known on the.left and that black line on the top.represents the medium as it does in the.international average basically our.lowest quartile the weakest 25 fifth.percent of our students do better than.the world average.and I said public education what is your.median and what is your variance so it's.a very key point in other words students.who are academically weaker in our.system do better compared with others.singapore was also ranked fourth for.reading literacy skills among 40.countries and this was a 2006 pearls.that either progress national reading.literacy study this was the highest.among non-native speakers who took their.test in english this was in English good.universities the world over recognized.that our students are well school and.competent and welcome their missions our.top students can easily compete with the.best anyway sizable numbers enter.Oxbridge Imperial College LLC Warwick.and the Ivy League's brothels junior.college for example sends more students.to the 10 top US universities than any.other international school and even top.many prestigious secondary schools.within the US so when I visited Stanford.they said RJC sends more students to us.than any other school including you in.schools the Cornell president said.there's only one problem with Singapore.students I don't have enough of them we.have a system that produces high.averages and we top international.rankings and maths and science this is a.considerable achievement considering.that in nineteen eighty less than thirty.years ago only about fifty eight percent.of our primary one students completed.secondary school in other words sixty.percent incomplete secondary school what.were the reasons for this dramatic.turnaround if we have to chop future.directions we must first understand the.reasons for this success that's really.inadvertently weakened the foundations.of sustain us as we move forward what.are the reasons for this success let me.pause you.imagine your consultant and you come out.from ali khan you school of public.policy and you've been appointed to.advise countries how to improve the.education system you study their systems.but would you offer as initiatives in.Singapore in the 1960s what would you.have been your grand plan for Singapore.just listen your mind four or five.reasons that you would give or.strategies and then let's see how it.matches with what I think were the.reasons explained how success so keep it.in your mind and then we'll do a mental.check as I go along this lecture they've.got your four and five strategies in.mind youth why you think Singapore.succeeded okay here we go historically.it is important to appreciate that a.high quality education system we we have.in place today was not be given.Singapore did not have the advantage of.strong foundations on the contrary we.inherited disparate systems with.different modes of instruction and.varying standards when the first psle.the primary school leaving examination.which are shouldn't take on age 12 was.inaugurated in 1960 and when it was.inaugurated was done in four languages.not one not English only forty-five.percent past fifty five percent failed.the primary six exam just imagine if you.were Minister of Education then he says.well so I good and bad news fifty-five.percent fail but forty five percent pass.a book by The Satanic Kwang was a past.chief examiner of Singapore exams and.title examinations in Singapore changes.in continuity provides a succinct.account as a trading post with streams.of migrant populations Singapore had a.mix of vernacular schools for each of.the four large language groups they were.varying standards different curricula.and they were subject to diverse.influence from the countries of origin a.few English schools english stream.schools were set.such as our I reference institution.gonna sing butrum Victoria the later.became government schools which are.syllabus today others or private schools.founded by missionaries and community.groups such as SGI and anglo-chinese.school these english stream schools are.supported by a systemic organization of.english medium examinations from the UK.and had the most structured system of.education they were also favoured by the.government has promoted a language of.the colonial administration but only a.small proportion of the population.attended these schools the majority of.Chinese attend the Chinese stream.schools set up at the different dialect.groups and clans they were the Pope they.were pro-china in Outlook and syllabi.and follow the China's 633 system six.years in primary school song share which.was three years in middle school and.then high school these Chinese schools.proliferated in the early 1900s and were.feel and politicized my exile reformers.and revolutionaries from China graduates.on this system unfortunately had no.recognised qualifications or less.recognised qualifications and found it.hard to find jobs compared to those from.english stream schools many became.disgruntled and therefore easy targets.for the Communists the Millea stream.schools received more support from the.government as it was thought that the.learning of Malay languages would be.useful to the acquisition of English.language camels too had their own.vernacular schools but generally few in.number due to the small numbers so for.the better part of Singapore's history.educational standards were low the.curricula delivered by most schools.under the colonial system was largely.designed the objective of staffing the.lower ranks of the Civil Service the.proliferation of vernacular schools also.made it difficult for the government to.build the United and loyal sit in jury.let alone raise educational standards.for national curricula and more of.assessment.so as I said you're the consultant this.is the state of affairs you inherited.what would you suggest one entirely.plausible scenario through this.structure was that Singapore could have.evolved into a stratified society based.on the disparate school systems it would.have created tensions and fault lines as.groups were exposed to different.influences in their formative years the.countries have gone that way and.suffered damaging consequences.fortuitously for us we did not fall into.a trap and from the 1970s and 80s.fundamental and radical shifts would.pull up our system it would elevate our.education system but intrinsic that is.process it would also shape who and what.we came as a nation as in most things in.life trade-offs and consequences were.part and parcel of momentous decisions.let me now state when I think with the.fundamentals that made this change the.first fundamental shift or the.cornerstone of our educational system.was the decision to use English as a.medium of instruction in our schools how.many of you said English put up your.hands not back about twenty percent earn.your keep you've earned your keep not.back he shot twenty percent got it right.at least parents given the choice of.English saw the practical benefits and.opted for it in droves the concept of.globalisation was innocent and we would.wreak rich harvests as English became.the lingua franca of an exploding.information age to come we did not.envisage the magnitude of that change.because these changes were made in the.60s and 70s but when it came in enable.us to leapfrog many nations and also.allowed us to improve the teaching of.maths and science and technologically.based subjects expose the choice of.English comfort that the choice of.English comfort enormous advantages.seems almost a no-brainer of a choice in.today's context.but please recall that in the 1950s and.60s singapore's with a very diverse.collection of people our citizens at.different languages in culture we could.have done what other countries did which.was to adopt the language of the.majority race Chinese or dot Malay as.our official language as we did so that.we could assimilate well with our.neighbouring countries we will be a very.different singapore today if we had made.other choices let me illustrate that.thick Sri Lanka is a comparison Sri.Lanka citizens were adapt English.speakers when Sri Lanka was still a.British colony Ivan and 1950s with.nationalism on the rise the government.replaced English of singhalese.singhalese as his official language.today English has been relegated to a.third language after Tamil and spoken by.only ten percent of the population.successive governments have thought of.reintroducing English but unfortunately.it's not easy to turn back the clock on.Sri Lankan Minister shared with me a few.years ago but even if the government.wanted to switch back to using English.as a medium of instruction it would take.many years to Train enough English.speaking teachers Malaysia to offers.lessons like Singapore is started out.with vernacular schools which adopted.each of the four language groups in 1957.bahasa melayu was declared the seoul.national language and subsequently.became the medium of instruction in all.national schools so very interesting.contrast because we took divergent paths.and very useful to study however in 2003.the government decided to switch to.English in teaching maths and science.recognizing that this will be useful in.preparing young Malaysians for the.globalized world unfortunately an.expectedly implementation was not easy a.whole generation of young people mainly.those who are in their mid 40s and.younger.have grown up with Malay as the medium.of instruction it will take time for a.large enough poor of English teachers to.be built up this challenge is expect.specially acute in the rural areas where.there is a shortage of English teachers.a report publicized by the star in.January last year indicated that many.teachers were still hesitant to teach.maths and science in English due to a.lack of confidence and competency is.Timo is yet another interesting country.but it offers lessons in real time.because it's ongoing when again at.independence in 1999 as you know East.Timor chose Portuguese now only widely.used in Brazil and Portugal some parts.of Africa and a declining group in Macau.textbooks in that language are not easy.to come by and this is of course Justin.thought exercise but what the trajectory.of East Timor will be different if.you're chosen to emphasize English.Singapore chose their path not only did.we choose English but we started.teaching it to our young as their first.language it has proven to be hugely.beneficial for economic progress but.there of course are the consequences.because the language that one uses to.read think and speak and interact also.determines who we are as an individual.collectively the language environment.shapes our national psyche and rubric.and in some regards our core values.ensuing trends have become irreversible.I think our language environment has.changed dramatically over the years let.me give you one metric in 1996 a third.of primary one students came from homes.when English was the main language that.was a third of the population spoke.English at their homes a decade later in.2006 slightly more than half speak.English their home and I think this.trend will continue.our rigorous teaching an emphasis of.English as a common working language as.enable young Singaporeans to be.culturally adaptable to Western.societies many of our young people who.set foot in the US or UK for the first.time as University students quickly feel.at home they feel as if they don't.really find it difficult to adjust the.thought to surroundings the people the.society at large multinational companies.tell us that they'd like to hit Han.Singaporeans who can bridge the gap.between East and West revising effluence.in education inevitably we will see an.increasing number of Singaporeans who.work travel and live in other parts of.the world this easy adaptability to the.larger world that's obviously impact on.the sense of rootedness here values and.rootedness are transmitted powerfully to.shared formative rituals and experiences.within families in a broader community.and language is a rich medium.intricately woven into these processes.the language and cultural milieu in.childhood has far-reaching consequences.that extend to adulthood so when I speak.to some of older Singaporeans they still.count in Cantonese I'm not sure which.language you dreaming or whether you're.bilingual in your dreams but it's.usually a language that was used in your.formative years in your childhood years.so they are deeply embedded in their.psyche take Denmark as an example where.all children are first taught in Danish.in preschool and early primary and only.start to learn English from the third.grade or nine years old so while they're.able to speak English competently the.rootedness in the cultural milieu.remains distinctively Danish some asian.countries to like Taiwan Thailand and.Hong Kong start learning English later.and as a second language if you observe.or goes on in their restaurants and.retail outlets it reviews insights into.the social dynamics facilitated by the.native language.so one Singaporean says he enjoys.ordering a menu in a restaurant in Hong.Kong because he can banter with the.waitress they can share jokes this is.the same language and that social.facilitation goes on cuts across.socio-economic class we recognize the.social consequences but the teaching of.English as our first language has gotten.us where we are today and I think you'll.be very foolhardy to think of with this.our strong English competency will.continue to provide us of a competitive.edge but yet at the same time we must.make the effort to evolve social norms.and platforms that provide us with a.greater sense of home and Singapore eNOS.it's a challenge or a young country we.have time where resources or we should.pay extra if it so first English the.second cornerstone of our education.system is the bilingual policy where all.students learn both English in their.mother tongue how many of you got that.right bilingual policy less than five.percent so there may be some contention.there the bilingual policy reconcile the.tensions between progressing into.modernity through English against.loyalties the native language and.customs from deep-seated communal ties.bilingualism allow each ethnic group to.retain and touch the cultural lodestone.at a national level it has helped our.society embrace diversity because they.are if you like three mother tongue.languages and other languages and.establish linkages to the world.travelers here and notice it recently a.royalty from the large Middle East.country made official visits to this.part of the world skipped around the.region and at the end of this twerp he.had two days for his leisure are in our.I didn't know that royalty had are in.Harvard they do rest and Recreation case.wondering.r & r is his officials recommended.Singapore was the last stop before his.R&R and its officials rank above.recommended going somewhere else but he.reversed that decision he told me he did.so and insisted on spending those few.more days in Singapore I asked what did.this wealthy well travel royal who could.choose to be anywhere else find.appealing about Singapore he put it.simply but powerfully when he said that.he felt comfortable and welcomed here no.one gave him strange looks whatever the.garb he also liked our green spaces in.our friendly service our bilingual.policy has also enabled us to plug into.the rest of the world our Institutes of.higher learning I've been able to form.linkages of ease now only with other.institutions in english-speaking.countries but also those in China India.and Malaysia and Indonesia such.alliances and partnerships are reaching.new heights with rising numbers NTU has.been holding his complication for his.china-based graduates in China for the.past two years they have enough and when.they gather in China to come from the.larger China so it's quite a reunion.even our primary and secondary schools.have established strong networks with.the international counterparts last year.more than 50,000 students from over 300.schools were involved in overseas.programs china and malaysia with top.destinations but we must also accept.that it will be increasingly difficult.to maintain mother tongue language.competencies as more speak english as.their main main language at home so our.teaching and testing of English and.mother tongue language must evolve to.respond to this new trend students have.a finite capacity and it's not realistic.to assume that it can master all things.the third cornerstone of our education.system is streaming politically.uncorrect but there you have it.streaming how many of you got that right.or greet with me but it is incorrect to.raise your hands.Singapore over owes a great debt of.gratitude to dr. go kingstree for his.report in 1978 which is commonly.referred to as a go report where it.would have been simpler to avoid hard.truths this report was underpinned by.the fundamental belief that students had.varying learning ability and would.therefore be better off being grouped.together to learn at the appropriate.pace the fundamentals of streaming put.simply streaming allows each town to.better fulfill his inherent potential.and I would add actually helps the.weaker academic students as shown by all.Tim's results singapore today has reaped.the benefits of the difficult transition.i show how even our weaker students are.performing well by international.standards earlier before streaming only.about a third of primary students.progress to secondary education either.because they dropped out or do not pass.the PSLE these higher levels of.attrition still occur today in other.systems that attempt to wallpaper the.differences for example many researchers.have highlighted a growing concern that.up to one in three high school students.in the u.s. do not graduate in contrast.in Singapore of ability based learning.almost all of each cohort stay in school.and receive ten years of education and.all graduates whether from ite.polytechnics and universities receive.high quality education and I employable.after graduation and this is no mean.feat by any yardstick but of course.there are important caveats streaming.must lead to better outcomes and we.match of adequate resources to help.stretch each tile to this maximum it.must not erode self confidence or the.belief that they cannot go further you.must reduce stigmas and labels and this.is why m.o.e is refined this policy to.subject-based bandung as an example in.primary schools we also create many.opportunities for late bloomers to move.across to more advanced levels life.teaches us that there are many variables.beyond academic ability.which determine who succeeds our.education system should not say or teach.otherwise English and are bilingual.policy and streaming created a stable.framework which we could build a.world-class education system they were.necessary and vital are not sufficient.to other critical components were.quality teachers and school leaders and.yes verbally malign exams or assessments.but report like a Mackenzie released.last year studied top performing.education system Mackenzie asked a.simple question he just surveyed the.world territory again another facet of.globalization is that which other top.systems and they may try to find the.systems and the reasons they concluded.that quality teachers was the most.important determinant of a quality.education system passionate competent.and caring teachers at the heart of the.success of our education system if you.show me a week education system anywhere.and we travel we see many and without.exception you are fine as a cause.equally weak and demoralized teaching.force that our students do well and our.standards are well regarded.internationally there's positive.testament to the professionalism and.commitment that exists now teaching.force there are reasons why we have a.top quality teaching force we hire from.the top one-third of each of our cohorts.m.o.e hires one of every 8 graduates of.our publicly funded universities as a.huge number one in eight and this is.both sexes but because we hire more.women I think we hire probably two of.every five women who graduate we have.29,000 teachers and believe in.supporting them all along their journey.when they join us as training teachers.and beyond and the opportunities are.upgrade for masters and doctoral study.leave and we provide them grants and.loans besides good teachers instruction.comes curriculum and pedagogy and nuts.and bolts that secure the system and we.have a strong centralized system that.oversees.essentials and we have achieved an evil.of unviewable outcomes because good.teachers teach well in classrooms more.senior and experienced colleague share.best practices for new teachers learn.through observation and role models.testing works and perfectly i say this.testing works all top education systems.set clear and high expectations for.their students we are no exception our.strong assessment systems has produce.students of high caliber we also want.our schools to be accountable for what.they do so we have self evaluation as.well as external audits and where we.find that students or schools are not.performing to mark we give them extra.resources so I gave 5 reasons let me.summarize them first to social political.considerations in a choice of English.and the bilingual policy and then.putting into place sound educational.fundamentals of good teachers.instruction and streaming these are the.factors that maintain us on an even keel.and we must keep each of these elements.but at the same time must also evolve.our system to keep up with new.challenges and structural trains let me.briefly mention three broad directions I.think the education system in Singapore.should move forward because we have.progress parents today are better.educate and have more financial.resources the expectations where their.children and their children's education.will be much different compared to the.expectations that their parents had.often a child born today will enter.primary one in 2014 will be.substantially different in upbringing.and exposure compared to one who enter.the same grade say 20 years ago for.future cohorts one thing is certain.there will be greater expectations and.this itself is not negative but it will.mean more teachers to have higher.qualifications and having more teachers.so that more time can be spent to.develop each charm employing enough good.teachers to support these expectations.of a passion to teach and nurture will.be a continuing challenge.if we want each child that more.attention it must mean that we must.empower principals and teachers to be.able to develop each student under their.care and this necessarily means more.autonomy of our schools and this can.only work we've got competent school.leaders hence our continual focus on.attracting developing and retaining good.teachers and school leaders the second.broad train we also see growing.aspirations among Singaporeans we.recently announced the set up of a.fourth publicly funded University but we.should explore more effective ways to.help Polytechnic and I te graduates.upgrade their working careers a further.three or four years of full-time.education beyond their post-secondary.education to achieve the degree cannot.be the only and even preferred option.for many this is high opportunity costs.as they are in great demand and.eminently employable lifelong learning.will be increasingly necessary as.technology cycles shorten and knowledge.and skills resource lessons we should.find ways and facilitate where possible.more efficient ways to help them upgrade.in a shorter period without having them.to stop work altogether for long periods.of time the third brought ship beyond.great values once this one system our.system is one that is a meijer for.having high averages and I think we must.maintain this academic rigor and.continue our emphasis in maths and.science for a small country it makes.sense for our survival and continued.prosperity both as a nation and.individually but increasingly will have.to create space and structure to infuse.our education system to impart values.and not just grades to students this has.to keep in step a Singapore moves to a.higher plane of actualization we must.respond to a more questioning younger.population that may learn better to.self-discovery and an exchange of views.but at the same time we must find.engaging ways to increase the sense of.rootedness we must help our young.understand.how Singapore of the day has derive our.core values they can test these values.choose to reject them and create new.ones and accept consequences of their.own making at the end of the journey in.our education system they must leave it.with a sense of wholeness and.preparedness and the desire to.contribute to preserve maintain and.improve education and our lives of those.around them they must leave our.education system confident of the.self-worth and capable of being.productive citizens how do we move our.system forward to place greater emphasis.on these values beyond academic.achievement this is a challenge of no.quick solutions but leaders and.principals in MO you feel deeply that.this is the direction to take our.education system forward to better.develop our children we are mindful that.mere wishing will not get us there so we.are carefully reviewing how this can be.embedded into each school how to impart.values and maintain academic standards.and how both sets of achievements or to.be monitored let me conclude our.education system has evolved over time.and responds to changing needs of our.nation as well as to the external.environment we have a first-class.education system that is respective.internationally but we can always do.better we want to maintain higher.educational standards to give every.Singaporean student a valuable cachet.and recognition worldwide moving forward.we want to create more space and focus.in our system to impart values to our.children we want to nurture each child.to believe in himself and to be.self-sufficient the care for his fellow.men and to be able to contribute to the.larger society around them these are.simple goals of any public education.system but few can say they have.delivered Singapore must aspire to.attain these worthier educational goals.Emily will lead the way but to succeed.we will need all stakeholders to support.these initiatives thank you very much.okay great.I Thank You minister okay we have and.roughly about 25 minutes or so to.continue the conversation with the.minister please start thinking of your.questions let me begin by asking you the.first question Minister you know among.the achievements that singapore's had in.the educational field one of the ones.that really surprised me is how some.public schools in in America.spontaneously without any direction.again selecting mathematics textbooks.written in Singapore for use in.Singapore to be used in California and.elsewhere what do you know what happened.how'd that it was a very surprising.story well how many of their children it.is schools are oh have you try them.teaching them at they tell you the model.method right which you don't understand.and I don't understand you the money.works we use algebra they use graphic.representations and but that that's just.an example of how different it is but on.a larger point if you look at the team.score which I show you notice that there.are certain cultural and even ethnic.diocese formats and science maths and.science are considered hard subjects.Clayton Christensen from Harvard.Business School is on our National.Research Foundation any he's within a.book and he's analyzed we are looking.forward to that book but basically he.shed abroad trend he says poor countries.first-generation poor countries did well.in matteson science they were rigorous.subjects and the first generations.always felt that there was the way out.of poverty and he's analyzed it looked.at across countries and it seems to be a.recurring trim the second generation.then says well let's go for the soft.options.sec so i think i'm not i my personal.view is this is not a function of.computing skills i think inherently you.do have it but it is a function of being.willing to sit down and do maths and.science some people find it less.interesting others generally speaking so.one is a generational change is tightly.linked with with wealth levels in terms.of our instruction I think that we have.hit the sweet spot we've somehow managed.to find good teachers and master.teachers who were very good at it and.some of the NIE research is even taking.us very far so one of our researchers in.iron II actually studies mi I MRI.patterns you know mr is is a magnetic.resonance of your brain and he's doing.functional MRI which basically computes.which basically measures brain activity.and he gave tested different sets of.students for the model method and.algebra method and found that they use.less energy in the model method and got.the same right answers of course so you.asked me how we got here uh I don't.really know all I know this is a.virtuous space that we are in we're.having deep understanding about this now.and we should keep it there's a great.temptation now for as a systems level to.say let's DM precise maths and science.which I think would be a great mistake I.don't think we should Horace in our.system we are a small country and we.should keep the edge as long as we can I.don't know how we we can do this if.universities responded to students.aspirations and first applications I.suspect about thirty percent of forty.percent of e-business and maybe mats and.science twenty percent but as it is we.keep our systems where fifty percent is.engineering math and science IT and I.think that's a sensible system for now.and for as long as we can keep it thank.you.okay please come to the mic identify.yourself III was a shot and chop.question do we have a volunteer please.go ahead yes good afternoon sirs um I.mr. I'm Georgia teen from the MPP 2008.program I'm just a fresh enter arm.here's a question for dr. hey dr. noon.um you mentioned that in a few future we.are moving towards arm building up.capacity our data instruction for.students and the kief the way forward is.to have a more teachers and greater not.autonomy for schools however I also.notice that current results that we have.as far as ample as shown by the team.score it's actually underpinned by a.substantial private education sector in.Singapore in other words the private.tutors right this is something I've.observed in my arm okay to be honest I.was a teacher for the past few years so.I have actually firsthand you know.experience with this thing right so even.now I students coming forward and I've.seen me or we say okay you give me five.attrition you know even though I suppose.that resign so I find it very um it's.kind of like indignant on our education.system as to why our public education.policy cannot cater sufficiently for the.students we have and what are your.thoughts and possible solutions for this.problem thank you thank you I first.their session that the petition helps.maintain standard size is a sensible one.I think that's probably true but let me.address the larger point if you remember.the slide on the Tim's the countries.that did well.mainly Asian countries Japan career etc.just like in many cultures where mothers.pressed your children to study hard it.also seems to have results and it's not.peculiar to us I mean ours to shun is.just a manifestation of their great.emphasis to want to go ahead.coincidentally there was an article.today at a New York Times and I'll just.picked it up and it was called a taste.of failure fuels an appetite for success.in South Korea's cram schools and this.these are cram schools in Korea let me.quote to you on this regimented campus.miles from the nearest publication.public transportation link jewel and a.classmate scram from 630am to pass.midnight seven days a week to clear the.fearsome hurdle they can decide the.future the national college and entrance.examination minjoo do your best fighting.mr. Chung shelter as his daughter.disappeared into the building minjoo.turned around and raised the clenched.fist fighting she shouted back korean.say they are obsession to get the.children to watch universities is.nothing short of a wall it's ingrained.its deep in our psyche whether it's.related to our 5000 history as the.chinese population revered scholar class.I don't know should we dismantle it.this is systematically should we pass a.law and legislation no tuition allowed.no studying beyond 9pm.next question please okay we start the.lady and gentleman and then sometimes.enough is great sorry about that my name.is Angeline I'm a mother of two kids one.in p3 one inside Chris me on very.dangerous territory I'm also how over.your pizza good oh one in p3 she's 91.inside one she just cleared the PSLE her.the last year thank goodness i'm also an.MP a student just started class so I'm.joining my kids and studying and.homework basically as a mum ok this is.it I'm very passionate about education.I've also spent many years with I hey.chels I was at NTU in as I'm you.previously working with them now my.Christian really is this I believe.strongly in our education system we have.done very well but one of the things I.find is that it's a very KPI driven.environment schools are measured they.have many goals to meet in order to get.funding now one of the things I'm asking.is this does this whole very KPI intense.environment skew the way schools are.managed for example my Petrie kids start.supplementary lessons alright so after.they are normal teaching they stay back.for additional classes twice a week the.other way is also about easy a's is.supposed to be something students enjoy.but because they are given Awards in.each areas schools with niche areas only.one their best students to come into.those ECAs so a child who is not as.competent but loves the sport will never.get a chance to participate so what are.your views on that does mo intend to try.and shift that slant in that area thank.you those are good questions and very.cogent observations that many parents.share nature calls a vacuum and we have.to fill it with something else if you.want to get there so the quick answer is.yes I think we should move.we need to rebalance the education.system so that we can maintain academic.rigor as I said and yet at the same time.create space and structure i crafted it.carefully space and structure for the.daily life of that school to do these.other aspects in pot values you asked.the question the KPIs and testing and.it's interesting that many school.systems have gone full circle at some.point some other systems went away from.that they went away from testing.assessments due to the mall.environmental disposition creating.awareness self actualization internal.motivation after many many years.struggle and said well it doesn't work.let's go back for testing because.testing it was so I think that's that.the question at least one now generally.agree that testing works and testing in.a generic sense we will have to also use.that tool to measure schools in.qualitative aspects for example we could.ask teachers to tell us has the.confidence of a child increase can you.measure it can you show some measure or.we could measure what is one strength.that you develop in this child what our.programs in place what skills you teach.so when I talked on this whole issue and.if you don't do that you will find that.nature calls a vacuum and other things.pick up that space you created in.Singapore I suspect the other things.would be just more studying or CTA.because you're guilty to I'm not you I.mean parents are guilty too if we teach.less but they study more the same to do.to get ahead so I think you have to do.this Mia wishing won't get us there you.have to build in systems and the end of.the day you are still very much.dependent on principals and teachers.who can use that time teachable moment.but we also must find somewhere systemic.Lee measuring this putting in programs.that will help us move towards there so.there are no quick fixes but we'll move.it there and as I said I think parents.also have to understand the value of a.more holistic education and must also.reinforce them because now I have.parents complaining to me why is my.child doing so much CCA I want my child.to study bit more and you have to have a.buyer I think we're doing well I don't.think you want to reduce the economic.rigour it doesn't make sense but at the.same time let's create space for them so.i picked that's the direction and i.agree that's the way we want to hit or.you have to put it into the system thank.you gentlemen over there then absolutely.and thank you for coming Minister today.to address us and I'm my background in.Irish education and Ireland obviously is.a country of 4 million very very similar.to Singapore and what we do all right.indian international rankings we're not.as high as Singapore and we're always.trying to to get to your levels the only.thing that the only criticism however.that the Irish educationists have of.Singapore system is they say somewhat it.stifles create ISM a I am just.wondering is that a concern for the.government would you say that's a fair.assessment deevani safeguards to to stop.that or give any initiatives to increase.in creative of your students thank you.thank you iris I admire your Irish.system very much visit many times and.he's right for you who you imagine.Ireland has probably the same population.as Singapore but 100 times bigger there.will be about right and instructions are.very similar if you have a edv they are.equivalent there and so we usually.compare systems your question is a very.tiny one do systems and let me take the.broader the asian style of UK.there's such a thing in if you can.breathe it is such a thing stifle.creativity and the Olympics is a very.opportune time to talk about it the.opening ceremony the Olympics has caused.people to re-examine their fundamental.assumptions a David Brooks recently who.read the iht yesterday talked about this.and that basically it was I thought was.slightly too simplistic but basically.the argument was that the west's great.proponents of individualism great.entrepreneurship innovation as compared.to the Chinese and use the Olympics.precision collectivism and when you saw.those two drums the precision so is.there a single measure of creativity is.the individual individualistic rule the.only way to get there I am Not sure I.asked our own Singaporean students and.we have a hundred over or more in.cornell and these are performing once.and for the asked them the same question.I said you know people say this on us.what's your own sense after being and.Cornell studying in the come from RJ.chac ECG and tops colleges and he says.this was a second-year student and he.said to me well for exams no big deal we.will ace it but when lecturers give us a.question that's de novo yes the.Americans do think that only a fee.quicker so are there trade-offs perhaps.and the lecturers also tell me the same.thing they say we love your students as.I told you become so well prepared first.and second years they breathe true.I think necessarily there might be some.trade-offs but i am not sure whether.there's too much of a digit.generalization inherently in in.producing systems though you must accept.trade offs and it can be very wise so if.you look at tims the results I I pay.very close attention to the variance how.tight our scores are not only the peaks.the median how tight close calls are and.to get their teachers tell me to help.the weak but academically weakest dude.how do you do it the same acts in.science you teach them the theory of.mathematics they don't the drilling they.teach them this is the way you do it and.they Dubin is that wrong I'm not sure so.I think there are not quite.deterministic answers I think none of us.or at least for myself I try to keep an.open mind and understand the limitations.of choices and where the general.directions that we want to move and yet.still create enough space for schools.for patterns for different influences to.move our system following I think that's.a more sensible model rather than to say.this is the right way this is why I.think this is the right pedagogy because.that really confines outcomes delsey my.name I'm gemstone and from national.university of singapore my questions.actually related to the last to question.in some way we recognize from all the.different surveys and all the trends.that we have very very high average i.recall looking at acs i IV data this.year acs time is probably one percent of.the entire ib cohort in the world of.about 27,000 and forty five percent of.the top.student through what a great come from a.CSI below out 1% kahan the question is.ultimately at the end of it are this.student going to be able to achieve pigs.and I think with the way we are moving.up the competitive letters high average.may no longer be enough for noble.reasons I think other country are also.beginning to learn some of what we have.done well and imitating it perhaps the.political system may not fully allow.them to attack what we have done but.they are moving in that direction so the.ability to now pre a pic of excellence.is so critical unfortunate pick up.excellent often you cannot a tell a.priori where they're going to happen it.often come in the most unexpected way in.most unexpected area so I just want to.hear what your thoughts on how we going.to create some of this pic of excellence.for the future generation thank you.structurally I think you're correct in.the US for example is a very clear.example the peaks of excellence in.stuyvesant high or Brooklyn hi rose.Syverson where they have many Nobel.Prize laureates they come on the screen.so in other words they're the best of.schools and sometimes not schools.they're not very high standards and.there's basically an aggregation of.confluence of factors good teachers well.performing students that bring up their.peak but a public education sector as I.said by definition is measured by a.medium it has to be the people that's.the public expectation so when we rolled.out IT initiatives we had to roll it out.for all schools because equity and equal.opportunity was it was a key.consideration Emily from another let me.give you another example I I said I have.twenty-nine thousand teachers I don't.send my teachers who graduate from top.universities.to the best schools disproportionately.many are said to so-called weaker.schools so I think as the main strategy.to bring up the standard high average is.a sensible policy at the same time I.agree with you you must create these.Peaks that's why we have and it's an us.school of maths and science we have.different avenues where they can peek.and within our school systems we also.have programs but we have to manage that.expectation against or the desire.against the expectation of the general.public so while Singaporeans by and.large accept the gifted education.program you like there of course.undercurrents issues of equity issues of.an act of disproportionate resources and.they're not questions that easily will.be resolved by policy so as a sensible.way I agree with you keep your average.is high so that no child is denying a.good education because of affordability.that in every school they have access to.facilities and yet create other.opportunities for outliers if you like.an assistant I both ends I would say at.both ends open a top-performing and.those who have special needs to get.attention so that they can reach your.potential I think if we can achieve that.then is a very well-rounded system we've.reached 12 30 but can you take two more.questions Minister the last two a.question when we get them together go.ahead you first followed by the lady you.know I'm Wilson from the mpb course just.now you mentioned self-actualization as.one of the goals in the future beyond.the actual concrete subject so I think.it's quite a noble goal but then that.necessitates greater civil liberties.when your citizens are more self.actualized the one more freedom of.expression and tana me so would that be.counter to the interest of a strong.government do you see a way to reconcile.wii console this in terms of society the.government and education co-evolving and.different dynamics because if you don't.reconcile this what I see is for example.I was gifted and I was in RI and there.was a lot of self-actualization in my.education but a lot of my peers they are.finding a government a bit stifling here.so people like that would be finding.that they are able to if they are mobile.you be able to go overseas instead so.would that be counter to the interest.again of your few poundage stifling know.that that's why I'm back here I'm okay.with it I just want to clarify a lot of.my peers they would choose to stay.overseas so how would you reconcile that.with the policies like don't think the.next question is go ahead the next.question yes the only thing we had in.common and the five points for that.education system was the better teachers.which is in fact a large problem back in.Denmark and I was surprised by how you.managed to get the best students to.become teachers do you pay them more.what are the incentives have a that's.what we're traveling within 10 lines a.very relevant question I can't do.anything without good teachers let me.answer that question first the mckinsey.report if you're interested you should.look at it which studied a question and.the compared systems starting salaries.we r do don't pay the highest south.korea by the way we hire from the top.one-third of our cohort south korea gets.in from the top 5% and they pay them.very well starting pay is important but.it's not the key criterias progression.and career prospects so you ought to.have a system where teachers are allowed.to teach in some systems principles.views hampered because you know for.whatever reasons they can't maintain.standard so strong leadership and.autonomy is also an important.there many factors and I think Mackenzie.report is a good place to start but.that's that's you're quite right that's.the place that we have to begin if we.want to deliver good education we try to.benchmark our salaries we don't we can't.afford to pay them as high as lawyers or.doctors but they're somewhere there but.more importantly I think it's also time.for them to upgrade as I say masters and.doctors then we recently introduced a.new initiative for them to refresh.themselves so after teaching for X.number of years they are given say three.or four weeks or work attachment.programs where they choose to go there.was a particular feature that taught.home economics food nutrition she was in.the 50s and she chose to work in Victor.was Delhi fine so pizza hut for those.feelings I said why do you choose Pizza.Hut says well you know I want I've been.teaching this and I wanted to know what.the real life out there so I can tell my.students I got burned and you know I.girls I got but it was a good learning.experience and they come back refreshed.with with with with new new insights and.so I think you have to have you have to.pay special attention the first question.how do you reconcile civil liberties and.self-actualization thank you well I.don't know how to answer by caras.assertions in other words I because.every time I speak to someone who is.such that he always says that he's.speaking for somebody else.so I assume in your case you will never.stop from seeing anything you wanted to.and let's be honest the net is so open.there's nothing that you you want to say.that you cannot say on the net except.for racist comments which we take a firm.you in Singapore but you know all of us.block unknown all of us go into blocks.from times the time you have a block of.you I I tell my children you're a.narcissistic generation who is.interested in what you do but buddy.laughs I mean but this you know so I.there's a slight mismatch between the.perception and the reality there's.nothing that you want to see they cannot.be said and i am not sure though that.you want to make a direct correlation.with that kind of environment and.actualization i happen to think the.actualization for Singaporeans is.actually to be more open not not.necessarily just as they perceive it in.the political sphere but even in their.business fears and social activities you.know to create more platforms I think.they have to look beyond into ASEAN for.example that's very interesting mode and.that's what we are doing so our school.children now are partnering and going.every year to schools in china in.cambodia laos vietnam indonesia and they.come back with great reflections young.children so I am excited that we will we.are bringing up a very regionally away.conscious younger population that may.surprise us all with you know we we have.vision hold and labels that we can break.out of I think the young will tell us.very very different things and I think.that's exciting for us.well Minister you know people ask me why.is the lee kuan yew school of public.policy growing so fast I say that many.reasons but one of them frankly is the.attraction of Singapore's public.policies we provide one of the best.public policy laboratories in the world.and you've already demonstrated today in.the field of education the excellence of.you've achieved clearly it's a great.magnet for the rest of the world so in.that mean so doing I think you're so.responsible for why the school is drunk.growing so fast with that I hope you'll.join me now in banking the minister for.his address and before concluding please.remember that the students and staff and.first enough hundreds of members of the.public want to join in at the foyer on.the week I'm building this lunch waiting.for students and staff to now please.join me in thanking the minister.you.

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How can I fill out Google's intern host matching form to optimize my chances of receiving a match?

I was selected for a summer internship 2016. I tried to be very open while filling the preference form: I choose many products as my favorite products and I said I'm open about the team I want to join. I even was very open in the location and start date to get host matching interviews (I negotiated the start date in the interview until both me and my host were happy.) You could ask your recruiter to review your form (there are very cool and could help you a lot since they have a bigger experience). Do a search on the potential team. Before the interviews, try to find smart question that you are Continue Reading

Do companies consider employment when someone has a misdemeanor? I didn't clear in background, but they sent me a form to basically to fill out why I am fit for the job, because of my record.

Depends on the company. Some companies will not take you unless you are squeaky clean and not had anything more than a speeding ticket. Others do not care if you axe murdered 5 people as long as you show up to work sober and won't axe murder them. Fill it out with emphasis on that you are sorry, fell in with wrong people, and are a changed person, you are a dedicated and obedient worker. Stuff they want to hear. At least you are getting a chance to explain yourself. Some companies just won't call you back if that happens.

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